(see also Ethnic Cleansing & Yugoslavia)
CIA World Factbook. Includes map.
America Used Islamists to Arm the Bosnian Muslims, Richard J. Aldrich, Guardian (4/22/02). Dutch inquiry reveals alliance of Pentagon with radical Islamists to assist Bosnian Muslims, violating UN arms embargo against former Yugoslavia combatants
On the Web: Specialized Sites
International Crisis Group. Monitors ongoing conflicts.
Ali, Rabi & Lawrence Lifschultz. "Why Bosnia?" Monthly Review 45,10 (3/94):1-28.
Altlerman, Eric. "Bosnian camps: a barbed tale," Nation (7/28/97):17-20.
Binder, David. "Former Bosnian leader dies at 78," San Jose Mercury (10/20/03). Alija Izetbegovic, Muslim president of republic proclaimed in 1992.
Borden, Anthony & Zoran Pajic. "Unite & conquer," In These Times (5/17/93):26-27.
Doder, Dusko. "Letter from Bosnia," Nation (2/12/01):14-18.
Drakulic, Slavenka. "Bosnian women witness," Nation (3/19/01):5-6.
Editors, "Bosnia's destruction exposes a post-communist paralysis," National Catholic Reporter (12/9/94).
Flaherty, Patrick. "The Balkan wars & ethnic cleansing," Monthly Review 46,5 (10/94):32-41, with reply by Lawrence Lifschultz, 41-52. Critical discussion of potential for foreign intervention to alleviate the sufferings caused by "ethnic cleansing."
Greer, Mary Adele. "For this American in Bosnia, 'big picture' offers reason for staying," National Catholic Reporter (5/30/99):19.
Hayden, Robert M. "Imagined communities and real victims: Self-determination
& ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia," American Ethnologist 23,4
Hitchens, Christopher. "Srebenica revisted," Nation (4/19/99):8.
_________. "Virginity regained," Nation (10/18/99):9. Debunks apparition of Virgin at Medjugorje in 1981.
Hockenos, Paul. "In sheltered Mostar, tentative rebuilding," National Catholic Reporter (12/16/94).
Judah, Tim. "The fog of justice," NY Review (1/15/04):23-25. Milosevic trial as seen from ex-Yugoslavia.
Kent, Sarah A. "Writing the Yugoslav wars: English-language books on Bosnia (1992-1996) and the challenge of analyzing contemporary history," American Historical Review 102,4 (oct 1997):1085-1114.
Kesich, Veselin. "Bosnia: history & religion," in B. Nassif
(ed.) New Perspectives on Historical Theology (Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 1996).
Mojzes, Paul. "The impact of the Eastern European churches upon their own societies," in R. Rubinstein (ed.) Spirit Matters (NY, 1987), pp. 258-79.
Paul, Diane. "Catholics, Muslims suffer in Banja Luka," National Catholic Reporter (6/2/95):15-16.
Roth, Kenneth. "Why justice needs NATO. Peace is impossible in Bosnia without arresting the indicted war criminals," Nation (9/22/97):21-
Samphier, Tony. "Springs of hope," New Internationalist (3/96):28-30.
Schaeffer-Duffy, Claire. "Reporting in post-war Balkans," National Catholic Reporter (2/4/00):10-11.
Yabes, Criselda. "Love & death in Sarajevo," New Internationalist (5/93): 33-35.
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Ali, Rabia & Lawrence Lifschultz (eds.) Why Bosnia? Writings on the Balkan War (Stony Creek CT: Pamphleteers', 1993).
Andric, Ivo. The Development of Spiritual Life in Bosnia under the Influence of Turkish Rule (eds. Zelimir B. Juricic & John F. Loud; Durham NC: Duke, 1991).
Brkic, Courtney Angela. The Stone Fields: An Epitaph for the Living (NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004). Reflections on work with a forensic team excavating bodies of genocide victims.
Carmichael, Cathie. Ethnic Cleansing in the Balkans: Nationalism & the Destruction of Tradition (NY: Routledge, 2002).
Clark, Gen. Wesley K. Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, & the Future of Combat (NY: Public Affairs, 2001).
Cushman, Thomas & Stjepan Mestrovic (eds.) This Time We Knew: Western Responses to Genocide in Bosnia (NY, 1996).
Dizdarevic, Zlatko. Sarajevo: A War Journal (NY: International, 1993).
Ensler, Eve. Necessary Targets: A Story of Women & War (NY: Villard, 2001).
Hagan, John. Justice in the Balkans: Prosecuting War Crimes in the Hague Tribunal (Chicago: Chicago U., 2003).
Handke, Peter. A Journey to the Rivers (NY, 1996). Critique of Western media coverage
Hawkesworth, Celia. Voices in the Shadows: Women & Verbal Art in Serbia & Bosnia (NY: Central European U, 2000).
Honig, Jan Willem & Norbert Both. Srebrenica. Record of a War Crime (NY, 1997).
Koff, Clara. The Bone Woman: A Forensic Anthropologist's Search for Truth in the Mass Graves of Rwanda, Bosnia, Croatia & Kosovo (NY: Random House, 2004).
Koller, Markus & Kemal H. Karpat (eds.) Ottoman Bosnia: A History in Peril (Madison: U. of Wisconsin, 2004).
Lilly, Carol S. Power & Persuasion. Ideology & Rhetoric in Communist Yugoslavia, 1944-1953 (Boulder, 2000).
Mahmutchajic, Rusmir. The Denial of Bosnia (University Park: Pennsylvania State U., 2003).
Malcolm, Noel. Bosnia: A Short History (NY, 1996).
Mojzes, Paul. Yugslavian Inferno. Ethnoreligious Warfare in the Balkans (NY: Continuum, 1995).
Rieff, David. Slaughterhouse: Bosnia & the Failure of the West (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1995).
Sells, Michael A. The Bridge Betrayed. Religion & Genocide in Bosnia (Berkeley: U. California, 1996).
Silber, Laura & Alan Little. The Death of Yugoslavia (Harmondsworth, 1995).
Udovicki, Jasminka & James Ridgeway (eds.) Yugoslavia's Ethnic Nightmare: The Inside Story of Europe's Unfolding Ordeal (Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1995).
Woodward, Susan L. Balkan Tragedy: Chaos & Dissolution After the Cold War (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1995).
Zarkovic, Radmila M. (ed.) I Remember = Sjecam Se: Writings by Bosnian Women Refugees (San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1996).
In the Library: Fiction
Andric, Ivo (1892-1975). Bosnian Story (trans. Kenneth Johnstone: London: Lincoln-Prager, 1958).
__________. The Bridge on the Drina (trans. Lovett F. Edwards; NY: Macmillan, 1959). Invaluable background on centuries of cultural conflict Ottoman/Austro-Hungarian conflict centered in Bosnia.
__________. Devil's Yard (NY: Grove, 1962).
__________. The Vizier's Elephant: Three Novellas (trans. Drenka Willen; NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1962).
__________. Bosnian Chroncle (trans. Joseph Hitrec; NY: Knopf, 1963).
__________. The Woman from Sarajevo (trans. Joseph Hitrec; NY: Knopf, 1965).
__________. The Pasha's Concubine & Other Tales (trans. Joseph Hitrec; NY: Knopf, 1968).
__________. The Days of the Consuls (Boston: Forest, 1992).
Hemon, Aleksandar. The Question of Bruno (London: Picador, 2000).
Ireland, Perrin. Ana Imagined (St. Paul MN: Graywolf, 2000).
Perez Reverte, Arturo. Territorio comanche: un relato  (Madrid: Ollero y Ramos, 2000).
Poderegin, Milka Bajic. The Dawning: A Novel  (trans. Nadja Poderegin; NY: Interlink, 1995). Women of Serbian community on confines of Bosnia & Herzegovina emerge from five centuries of Ottoman rule during World War I.
Radojcie-Kane, Natasha. Homecoming: A Novel (NY: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2002).
Simon, Scott. Pretty Birds: A Sarajevo Story (NY: Random House, 2005).
In the Library: For Young Readers
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
"Bosnia: Peace Without Honor" [199?], by BBC, 40m. From Films for
the Humanities & Sciences.
"No Man's Land" (2001), dir. Danis Tanovic, 97m. Slovenian director, seeing humanity of both sides in Serbian-Bosnian war, makes conflict seem as absurd as it was deadly.
"Welcome to Sarajevo", dir. Michael Winterbottom, 103m. In video stores.
"The Wounds" , dir. Srdjan Dragojevic, 103m. From First Run Features. Teenage criminals thrive amidst ruins left by war.
"The Yellow Wasps: Anatomy of a War Crime" , dir. Ilan Ziv & Rory O'Conner, 69m. Documentary on Serbian irregulars who crossed Drina to initiate "ethnic cleansing" in 1992.