(see also Brazil: Amazonia, Brazil: Northeast, Brazil: São Paulo, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Vargas Regime, Brazil: Military Regime, Brazil since 1985, Brazil: Indigenous Peoples, Brazil: Immigrant Communities, Brazil: Church & Society, Brazil: Black History, Life & Values & Brazil: Lula & the Workers' Party)
CIA World Factbook. Includes map.
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Bonilla, Frank. "A national ideology for development: Brazil," in Kalman Silvert (ed.) Expectant Peoples: Nationalism & Development (NY: Vintage, 1967), pp. 232-64. Development ideology prior to military coup of 1964.
McCann, Bryan. "Carlos Lacerda: the rise & fall of a middle class populist in 1950s Brazil," Hispanic American Historical Review 83,4 (11/03):661-96.
Prado Jr., Caio. "The agrarian question in Brazil," Studies on the Left 4,4 (1964).
Rios, Jose Arthur. "The development of interest in agrarian reform in Brazil," in T. L. Smith (ed.) Agrarian Reform in Latin America (?, 196?), pp. 95-101.
Shirley, Robert. "Law in rural Brazil," in Margolis & Carter (eds.) Brazil: Anthropological Perspectives (NY, 1979).
Smith, T. Lynn. "Land reform in Brazil," Luso-Brazilian Review 1,2 (win 64):3-20.
Tanzer, Michael. "Stealing the Third World's nonrenewable resources: lessons from Brazil," Monthly Review 35,11 (4/84):26-35.
Woodard, James P. "Marketing modernity: The J. Walter Thompson Co. & North American advertising in brazil, 19190-1939," Hispanic American Historical Review82,2 (5/02):257-90.
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Albuquerque, Severino J. Tentative Transgressions: Homosexuality, AIDS & the Theater in Brazil (Madison: U. Wisconsin, 2003).
Alexander, Robert J. Juscelino Kubitschek & the Development of Brazil (Athens: Ohio U, 1991).
Beattie, Peter M (ed.) The Human Tradition in Modern Brazil (Wilmington DE: Scholarly Resources, 2002). Revealing individual life stories from 19th & 20th centuries.
Besse, Susan K. Restructuring Patriarchy: The Modernization of Gender Inequality in Brazil, 1914-1940 (Chapel Hill: U. North Carolina, 1996).
Branford, Sue & Bernardo Kucinski. Brazil: Carnival of the Oppressed (London: Latin America Bureau, 199?).
Chilcote, Ronald H. The Brazilian Communist Party: Conflict & Integration, 1922-1972 (NY: Oxford, 1974).
Conniff, Michael L. Populism in Latin America (Tuscaloosa: U. of Alabama, 1999).
Fishlow, Albert. Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in 20th-C. Brazil (Chicago: U. of Chicago, 1999).
Levine, Robert M. & John J. Crocitti (eds.) The Brazil Reader: History, Culture, Politics (Durham NC: Duke, 1999).
__________. History of Brazil (NY: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2003).
Lopes, Carlos Thomaz G. Brazil at a Crossroads: An Evaluation of the Economic, Political & Social Situation (NY: Peter Lang, 2002).
Love, Joseph L. Crafting the Third World: Theorizing Underdevelopment in Rumania & Brazil (Stanford, 1996).
MacLachlan, Colin M. A History of Modern Brazil: The Past Against the Future (Wilmington DE: Scholoarly Resources, 2002).
Marx, Anthony W. Making Race & Nation: A Comparison of the United States, South Africa, and Brazil (NY: Cambridge, 1998).
Morais, Fernando. Olga: Revolutionary & Martyr  (NY: Grove, 1990).
Page, Joseph A. The Brazilians (NY: Perseus, 1995).
Sadlier, Darlene J. Nelson Pereira dos Santos (Urbana: U. of Illinois, 2003).
Skidmore, Thomas E. Politics in Brazil, 1930-1964: An Experiment in Democracy (NY: Oxford, 1967).
__________. Black into White; Race & Nationality in Brazilian Thought (NY: Oxford, 1974).
__________. Brazil: Five Centuries of Change (NY: Oxford, 1999).
Smith, T. Lynn. Brazil: People & Institutions (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U, 1972).
Tobelem, Alain. Josué de Castro e a descoberta da fome (Rio, 1974).
Welch, Cliff. The Seed Was Planted: The Sao Paulo Roots of Brazil's Rural Labor Movement, 1924-1964 (University Park: Pennsylvania State U, 2003).
In the Library: Fiction
Queiroz, Rachel de. Dora, Doralina (Rio de Janeiro: Jose Olympio, 1975; English trans. NY: Avon, 1984).
Yamashita, Karen Tei. Brazil-Maru (Minneapolis: Coffee House, 1992). Novel of a Japanese utopian socialist community in São Paulo.
In the Library: For Young Readers
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
"Amor Bandido" , dir. Bruno Barreto, 98m. From Facets Multimedia.
"Antonio das Mortes" , dir. Glauber Rocha, 100m. From Facets.
"Axé" , dir. Marcia Meireles and Maria A. Lemos, 30m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Bahia: Africa in the Americas" , dir. Giovanni and Michael Brewer, 58m. From World Cultures on Film & Video.
"Banking on Disaster" , 78m. From Bullfrog Films.
"Barravento (The Turning Wind)" , dir. Glauber Rocha, 76m. From Directory of Latin American Films & Videos.
"The Battle of Canudos [A guerra de Canudos]" , dir. Sergo Rezende, 165m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Beijo na Boca" , dir. Jacira Melo, 30m. From the Directory of Latin American Films and Videos.
"Belly Up [Os matadões]", dir. Beto Brant, 90m. From Latin American Video Archives."Black Orpheus [Orfeu negro]" , dir. Marcel Camus, 103m. From Latin American Video Archives. Greek myth adapted to favelas of mid-century Rio de Janeiro during Carnaval.
"Black God, White Devil" , dir. Glauber Rocha, 102m. From Facets.
"Blood Stains" , dir. Paulo Weideach and Eduardo Schaal, 5m. From Latin American Video Archives. Explores cycle of wanton violence: street children kill parents of a child who must then survive on the streets.
"Brazil: Priestesses, Samba Dancers, and Mulattos of Brazil" From Latin American Studies, Video Catalog, Spring 2002
"Brazil: Emerging Powers" [?], by Wall Street Journal, 50m. From Teacher's Video. If Brazil can control inflation, corruption & destruction of natural resources, it may become a world power!
"The Brazilian Connection" , dir. ?, 60m. From Cinema Guild. Examines Brazil's economic crisis, surveying over five decades of Brazilian political history.
"Bye Bye Brazil" , dir. Carlos Diegues, 110m. From Latin American Video Archives. Travails & break-up of a small-time carnival due to competition from TV.
"Capoeira"dir. Ricardo Lobo, 8m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business" , dir. Helena Solberg and David Meyer, 91m. From Noon Pictures."Coffee: A Sack Full of Power" dir. Alexander Valenti, 52m. From Filmakers Library.
"Copacabana Beach" , dir. Vivian Ostrovsky, 10m. From the Directory of Latin American Films and Videos.
"Farewell to Flesh" , dir. Richard Bueridge, 16m. From the Directory of Latin American Films and Videos.
"The Fate of the Kidnapper" 50m. From Bullfrog Films.
"Favelas" [ 1989], dir. ?, 50m. From Cinema Guild. Takes viewers into heart of São Paulo slums.
"The Forbidden Land", dir. Helena Solberg, 58m. From World Culture on Film & Video."Fragments of a People" 50m. From Bullfrog Films.
"Gabriela" , dir. Bruno Barreto, 105m. From Facets.
"Hail Umbanda", dir. José Araujo, 46m. From World Culture on Film & Video."Hunting Season", dir. Rita Moreira, 26m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"How Angels are Born [Como nascem os anjos]", dir. Murilo Salles, 100m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"It's All True" , dir. Orson Welles, 89m. Unfinished film with great footage of life in Rio & Bahia."Latinos in Action Series-Brazil Sergio Bianchi", dir. Don Lynn and Catherine Benamou, 29m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Latinos in Action Series-Brazil Osmario Rodrigues", dir. Don Lynn and Catherine Benamou, 29m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Lamarca", dir. Sergio Rezende, 125m. From Latin American Video Archives.'Luzia" , dir. Fabio Barreto, 112m. From Latin American Video Archives. Young girl seeks revenge on powerful landlord after seeing parents murdered by his hit-men.
"Machismo" Films for Humanities, 16m.
"The Man Who Turned Into Juice (O homem que virou suco)" , dir. Joao Batista de Andrade, 97m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Odo Ya! Life With AIDS", dir. Tania Cypriano, 58m. From Latin American Video Archives."Perfumed Ball [Baile Perfumado]" , dir. Lirio Ferrira and Paulo Caldas, 93m. From Latin American Video Archives.
"Pivete" silent documentary, 6m. From Latin American Video Archives. Montage of images of Rio's abandoned street children."Profession: Child" , dir. ?, 60m. From Cinema Guild. Exploitation of child labor today.
"Return from Extinction" 50m. From Bullfrog Films.
"Roonie's Rio" [?], dir. ?, 48m. From the Directory of Latin American Films & Videos.
"Santa Marta" , dir. ?, 54m. From Cinema Guild. Interviews residents of a mountaintop slum in Rio de Janeiro.
"Savage Capitalism" , dir. Andre Klotzel, 86m. From Facets.
"Story of Fausta" , dir. Bruno Barreto, 106m. From Latin American Video Archives. Struggles & fantasies of a domestic worker with a useless husband.
"Televangelism in Brazil" [?], dir. ?, 41m. Latin American Studies.
"Terra em Transe " , dir. Glauber Rocha, 112m. From Facets.
"Tieta do Agreste" , dir. Carlos Diegues, 115m. From Facets.
"There's Room [Ha Lugar]" , dir. Julio Wainer & Juraci de Souza, 23m. From Latin American Video Archives. Favela dwellers' circumstances & community organizations."Twenty Years Later" , dir. ?, 119m. From Cinema Guild. Docu-drama on murder of peasant labor organizer in early 60s, with material filmed by same crew 20 years later.
"Urban Reform" , dir. Julio Wainer, 40m. From Latin American Video Archives. Unemployment & misery of urban working-class contrasted with vast wealth of entrepreneurs.
"Where to Now?", dir. Alfredo Alves, 8m. From Latin American Video Archives.