(see also Iraq, Iraq: Saddam Regime, Gulf War, 1990-2003, Iraq: US Occupation, Turkey: Kurdistan & Iran)
CIA World Factbook. Includes map.
Kurds Tightening Grip on Kirkuk. Mark Macdonald, San Jose Mercury (4/29/03).
Saddam Prison Becomes a Museum. Jonathan S. Landay, San Jose Mercury News (2/18/03). Kurds refurbish Sulaimaniya interrogation center as war crimes museum.
Kurdish Leaders Enraged by "Undemocratic" American Plan to Occupy Iraq. Patrick Cockburn, Truthout (1/17/03).
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Atarodi, Habibollah. "The Kurds: a nation of thirty million people denied its freedom," Journal of Social, Political & Economic Studies 16,3 (fall 1991):273-86.
Barr, Cameron W. "Kurds in northern Iraq pursue an elusive goal: unity," Christian Science Monitor (3/12/03):7.
Cockburn, Patrick. "Diary," London Review of Books (5/19/05):34-35. Baghdad & North in early May, 2005. Especially insightful about position of Kurds.
Glass, Charles. "Caldron in Northern Iraq," Nation (3/24/03):4-5.
Goldberg, Jeffrey. "The great terror," New Yorker (3/25/02):52-75.
__________. "Waiting at the front," New Yorker (4/7/03):48-53. Mood in Kurdistan during war.
__________. "Wartime friendships," New Yorker (4/14/03): 30-33.
Griswold, Eliza. "The Kurds take a city," Nation (5/3/03):5-6. Digging in in Kirkuk.
Fan, Maureen. "Kurdish militia members preparing to bolster police, army forces in Iraq," San Jose Mercury (11/9/03):16A.
Hitchens, Christopher. "Macbeth in Mesopotamia," Nation (8/19/02):9.
Howard, Michael. "Letter from Iraqi Kurdistan," Nation (9/16/02):16-19.
Judah, Tim. "In Iraqi Kurdistan," NY Review (8/26/02).
_________. "On the front lines," NY Review (4/10/03): 87-91.
Kutschera, Chris. "The Kurd's secret scenarios," MERIP Report 225 (win 2002).
McDowall, David. "The Kurds: an historical perspective," Asian Affairs 22,3 (10/91):293-303.
Lawrence, David Aquila. "A shaky de facto Kurdistan," MERIP Report 215 (sum 2000).
Sarna, Igal. "The Kurd's seven beds," in his The Man Who Fell into a Puddle: Israeli Lives (NY: Pantheon, 2002). Engaging story of an Iraqi Kurdish Jew, immigrant to Israel in the 1950s, his longing for home, & his visits to US-protected home town in 1990s.
Scahill, Jeremy. "Inside the Axis of Evil," In These Times (7/8/02):3.
Sneider, Daniel. "Price of Bush's arrogance: lives lost & billions spent," San Jose Mercury News (9/25/03):9B.
Zanger, Maggy. "Refugees in their own country," MERIP Report 222 (spr 2002).
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Ahmed, Mohammed M.A. & Michael M. Gunter. The Kurdish Question & International Law: An Analysis of the Legal Rights of the Kurdish People (Oakton VA: Ahmed Foundation for Kurdish Studies, 2000).
Ali, Tariq. Bush in Babylon: the Recolonisation of Iraq (2nd ed,; NY: Verso, 2004). Includes useful review of 20th-c. Iraqi history.
Amnesty International. Iraq/Turkey: Iraqi Kurds at Risk of Forcible Repatriation from Turkey & Human Rights Violations in Iraq (NY, 1990).
Anderson, Kenneth. The Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan: The Destruction of Koreme (NY: Human Rights Watch, 1993).
Andrews, F. David. The Lost Peoples of the Middle East: Documents of the Struggle for Survival & Independence of the Kurds, Assyrians & other Minority Races of the Middle East (Salisbury NC: Documentary Publications, 1982).
Babakhan, Ali. Les kurdes d'irak (?, 1994).
Bahjat, Sarbest. Die politische Entwicklung der Kurden im Irak von 1975 bis 1993: unter besonderer Berucksichtigung von Saddam Husseins Kurdenpolitik (Berlin: K. Schwarz, 2001).
Bird, Christiane. A Thousand Sighs, a Thousand Revolts: Journeys in Kurdistan (NY: Ballantine, 2004).
Black, George. Genocide in Iraq: The Anfal Campaign against the Kurds (NY: Human Rights Watch, 1993).
Bulloch, John & Harvey Morris. No Friends but the Mountains: The Tragic History of the Kurds (Harmondsworth: Viking, 1992).
Chaliand, Gérard (ed.) People Without a Country: The Kurds & Kurdistan (London: Zed, 1980).
Cheriff Vanly, Ismet. Le Kurdistan irakien, entite nationale. Etude de la revolution de 1961 (Neuchatel: Editions de la Baconniere, 1970).
Cook-Deegan, Robert M. Winds of Death: Iraq's Use of Poison Gas Against its Kurdish Population (Somerville MA: Physicians for Human Rights, 1989).
Cook, Helena. The Safe Haven in Northern Iraq: International Responsibility for Iraqi Kurdistan (London: Kurdistan Human Rights Project, 1995).
Elahi, Maryam. Human Rights Violations against the Kurds in Turkey & Iraq (Tallahassee FL: Badlisy Center for Kurdish Studies, 1993).
Fieldhouse, D.K. Kurds, Arabs & Britons: The Memoir of Col. W.A. Lyon in Kurdistan (London: I.B. Tauris, 2002). Colonialist account from the 1920s.
Francis, Susan with Andrew Crofts. Nowhere to Hide: A Mother's Ordeal in the Killing Fields of Iraqi Kurdistan (London: Weidenfeld Nicolson, 1993).
Fuccaro, Nelida. The Other Kurds: Yazidis in Colonial Iraq (London: I.B. Tauris, 1999).
Ghareeb, Edmund. The Kurdish Question in Iraq (Syracuse: Syracuse U, 1981).
Gunter, Michael M. The Kurds of Iraq: Tragedy & Hope (NY: St. Martin's, 1992).
__________. The Kurdish Predicament in Iraq: A Political Analysis (NY: St. Martin's, 1999).
Hamzeh'ee, M. Reza. The Yaresan: A Sociological, Historical, and Religio-Historical Study of a Kurdish Community (Berlin: K. Schwarz, 1990).
Hansen, Henny Harald. The Kurdish Woman's Life: Field Research in a Muslim Society (Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet, 1961).
Human Rights Watch/Middle East. Iraq's Crime of Genocide: The Anfal Campaign against the Kurds (New Haven: Yale, 1995).
Ibrahim, Ferhad. Die kurdische Nationalbewegung im Irak: eine Fallstudie zur Problematik ethnischer Konflikte in der Dritten Welt (Berlin: K. Schwarz, 1983).
Jawad, Sa'ad. Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-1970 (Ithaca: Cornell U, 1981).
Kahn, Margaret. Children of the Jinn: In Search of the Kurds & Their Country (NY: Seaview, 1980).
Kinnane, Derk. The Kurds & Kurdistan (London: Institute of Race Relations, 1964).
Laizer, Sheri J. Into Kurdistan: Frontiers under Fire (London: Zed, 1991).
__________. Martyrs, Traitors & Patriots: Kurdistan after the Gulf War (London: Zed, 1996).
McDowall, David. A Modern History of the Kurds (London: I.B. Tauris, 1996).
Middle East Watch. Hidden Death: Landmines & Civilian Casualties in Iraqi Kurdistan (NY: Human Rights Watch, 1992).
__________. Bureaucracy of Repression: The Iraqi Government in its Own Words (NY: Human Rights Watch, 1994).
Migdalovitz, Carol. Turkey's Military Offensive in Northern Iraq (Washington: Congressional Research Service, 1995).
Natali, Denise. International Aid, Regional Politics, & the Kurdish Issue in Iraq after the Gulf War (Abu Dhabi: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies & Research, 1999).
O'Ballance, Edgar. The Kurdish Revolt: 1961-1970 (Hamden CT: Archon, 1973).
Olson, Robert. The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism & the Sheikh Said Rebellion, 1880-1925 (Austin: U. Texas, 1989).
__________. (ed.) The Kurdish Nationalist Movement in the 1990s: Its Impact on Turkey & the Middle East (Lexington KY: U. Kentucky, 1996).
Pelletiere, Stephen C. The Kurds: An Unstable Element in the Gulf (Boulder: Westview, 1984).
Physicians for Human Rights. Unquiet Graves: The Search for the Disappeared in Iraqi Kurdistan (NY: Middle East Watch, 1992).
Prados, Alfred B. Kurdish Separatism in Iraq: Developments & Implications for the US (Washington: Congressional Research Service, 1991).
Randal, Jonathan C. Kurdistan: After Such Knowledge, What Forgiveness? (London: Bloomsbury, 1998).
Schmidt, Lissy. Wie teuer ist die Freiheit? Reportagen aus de selbstverwalteten kurdischen Region 1991-93 (Koln: ISP, 1994).
Shields, Sarah D. Mosul Before Iraq: Like Bees Making Five-Sided Cells (Albany: SUNY, 2000).
Solina, Carla. Der Weg in die Berge: eine Frau bei der kurdischen Befreiungsbewegung (Hamburg: Nautilus, 1997).
Thornhill, Teresa. Sweet Tea with Cardamom: A Journey through Iraqi Kurdistan (London: Pandora, 1997).
In the Library: Fiction
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Photography
Lovat, François-Xavier. Kurdistan Irak (Paris, 1997).
Kashi, Ed. When the Borders Bleed: The Struggle of the Kurds (NY, 1994). Informative intro by Christopher Hitchens.
Meiselas, Susan. Kurdistan: In the Shadow of History (?, 1997).
"In the Name of Honor" , dir. Alex Gabbay, 24m. From Bullfrog Films.
"Marooned in Iraq" , dir. Bahman Ghobadi, 108m. Iranian Kurd musicians search for a colleague in Iraq during Iran-Iraq war.
"Saddam's Ultimate Solution" , dir. Gwynne Roberts, ?m. From PBS.