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Peru since 1968

(see also Peru, Peru: Sendero Luminoso & Latin America: Drug War)

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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Committee to Free Lori Berenson.

Ibermundo Peru.

Resource Center of the Americas. News links.

Peruvian Graffiti. Journalist Michael L. Smith's ongoing commentary, useful & idiosyncratic.

In the Library: Articles:

Abugattas, Luis A. "Populism & after: the Peruvian experience," in Malloy & Seligson (eds.) Authoritarians & Democrats (Pittsburgh, 1987).

Allen, Terry J. "Spy hunter: an interview with Peruvian journalist Gustavo Gorriti," In These Times (10/30/00):10-11.

Andreas, Carol. "People's kitchens & radical organizing in Lima, Peru," Monthly Review 41,6 (11/89):12-21.

Andrews, Frank M. & George W. Phillips. "The squatters of Lima: who they are and what they want," Journal of Developing Areas 4 (1970):211-24.

Angell, Alan. "El gobierno militar peruano de 1968-1980: el fracaso de la revolución desde arriba," Foro Internacional (México) 25,1 (7-9/84):33-56.

Assies, Willem. "Agrarian policies & debate in Peru," Boletin de Estudios Latinamericanos y del Caribe 44 (6/88):67-92.

Atwood, Roger. "Fujimori's 'victory'," Nation (6/19/00):4-5.

Bamat, Thomas. "Peru's Velasco regime & class domination after 1968." Latin American Perspectives 10,2-3 (1983):128-50.

__________. "Peru's Plan Inca: the rise & fall of a populist project," in D.L. Johnson (ed.) Middle Classes in Dependent Countries (Beverly Hills, 1985).

Barrig, Maruja. "The difficult equilibrium between bread & roses: women's organizations & the transition from dictatorship to democracy in Peru," in Jaquette (ed.) The Women's Movement in Latin America (Winchester, 1989).

Becker, David G. "Bonanza development & the new bourgeoisie: Peru under military rule," Comparative Political Studies 15,3 (10/82):243-88.

__________. "The workers of the modern mines in southern Peru: socioeconomic change & trade union militancy in the rise of a labor elite," in Greaves & Culver (eds.) Miners & Mining in the Americas (Manchester, 1985), pp. 226-56.

Blondet, Celia. "Establishing an identity: women settlers in a poor Lima neighborhood," in Jelin (ed.) Women & Social Change in Latin America (London, 1990), pp. 12-46.

Bollinger, William. "The bourgeois revolution in Peru: a conception of Peruvian history," Latin American Perspectives 4,3 (1977):18-56.

Bourricaud, François. "Los militares, ¿porqúe y para qúe?" Aportes 16 (4/70):13-55.

Bronstein, Audrey. "Conversation with Aída Hernández from a Peruvian cooperative," in H. Johnson & H. Bernstein (eds.) Third World Lives of Struggle (London, 1982), pp. 185-90.

Carlessi, Carolina. "Lima: the reconquest," NACLA Report 234 (11-12/89):14-21.

Cooper, Marc. "Peru & the post-Fujimori future," Nation (4/9/01):13-16.

Cortazar Velarde, Juan Carlos. "Iglesa Catolica, estado y movimientos populares en el Peru, su expresión pública eclesial (1969-1986)," Cristianismo y Sociedad 106 (1990):43-57.

Cotler, Julio & Felipe Portocarrero. "Peru: peasant organizations," in Landsberger (ed.) Latin American Peasant Movements (Ithaca, 1969), pp. 297-322.

__________. "Military interventions & 'transfer of power to civilians' in Peru," in G. O'Donnell et al. (eds.) Transitions from Authoritarianism (Baltimore, 1986), pp. 148-72.

Dare, Elizabeth & Joan Weeks. "The intensification of the assault against the working class in 'revolutionary' Peru," Latin American Perspectives 3,2 (spr 1976):55-83.

Dietz, Henry. "Revolutionary organization in the countryside: Peru," in Schutz & Slater (eds.) Revolution & Political Change in the Third World (Boulder, 1990).

Dore, Elizabeth & John Weeks. "Class alliances & class struggle in Peru," Latin American Perspectives 14 (sum 77):4-17.

Epstein, Erwin. "Peasant consciousness under Peruvian military rule," Harvard Educational Review 52,3 (1982):280-300.

Farnsworth, Elizabeth. "Peru: a nation in crisis," World Policy Journal 5 (fall 1988):725-46.

Fishel, John T. "Attitudes of Peruvian highland village leaders toward military intervention," Journal of Inter-American Studies & World Affairs 18,2 (5/76):155-78.

Flinchum, Robin. "Gringa in an Andean prison," Progressive (3/00):28-28. Followed by intervew with former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark.

Gilbert, Dennis. "The end of the Peruvian revolution: a class analysis," Studies in Comparative International Development 15,1 (spr 1980):15-38.

Gitlitz, John S. & Telmo Rojas. "Peasant vigilante committees in northern Peru," Journal of Latin American Studies 15,1 (5/83):163-97.

Gordon, Dennis R. "Developmental nationalism & international finance: Peru & the IMF," Proceedings of the Pacific Coast Council on Latin American Studies 8 (1981-82):93-107.

Guillermoprieto, Alma. "The bitter education of Vargas Llosa," in her Looking for History: Dispatches from Latin America (NY: Vintage, 2001), pp. 155-77/

Hopkins, Diane E. "The Peruvian agrarian reform: dissent from below," Human Organization 44,1 (1984):18-32.

Isbell, Billie Jean. "Languages of domination & rebellion in highland Peru," Social Education 49,2 (1985):119-21.

Kay, Cristóbal. "Achievements & contradictions of the Peruvian agrarian reform," Journal of Development Studies 18,2 (1/82):141-67.

__________. "Assessing the Peruvian 'revolution'," Bulletin of Latin American Research 4,2 (1985):151-58.

Klaiber, Jeffrey. "The Church in Peru: between terrorism & conservative restraints," in Cleary & Stewart-Gambino (eds.) Conflict & Competition (Boulder, 1992).

Komisar, Lucy. "The bloom is off Alan García," Nation (9/6/86):174-78.

Laite, Julian. "Miners & national politics in Peru, 1900-1974," Journal of Latin American Studies 12,2 (1980):317-40.

Langton, Kenneth. "The influence of military service on social consciousness & protest behavior: a study of Peruvian mine workers," Comparative Political Studies 16,4 (1984):479-504.

Levi, Jonathan & Liz Mineo. "The Lori Berenson papers," Nation (9/4/00):11-18, with critique by Berenson's lawyer Ramsey Clark & response by Levi & Mineo in (10/30/00):4 & 23.

Maier, Georg. "Peru: portrait of a fragmented society," in W.A. Veenhoven & W.C. Ewing (eds.) Case Studies in Human Rights & Fundamental Freedoms (The Hague, 1976).

Marzal, Manuel M. "Catolicismo y pluralismo en el Peru contemporaneo," Cristianismo y Sociedad 106 (1990):9-21.

Mayer, Enrique. "Patterns of violence in the Andes," Latin American Research Review 29,2 (1994):141-71.

McClintock, Cynthia. "The war on drugs: the Peruvian case," Journal of Inter-American Studies & World Affairs 30 (sum-fall 1988):127-42.

McKenna, Megan. "Maria Elena Moyano: the witness of community," in M. Luke (ed.) Pilgrims & Seekers (Erie PA, 1995), pp. 101-6. Lima communal leader killed by Sendero Luminoso.

Mendez G., Cecilia. "Incas sí, indios no: notes on Peruvian creole nationalism & its contemporary crisis," Journal of Latin American Studies 28,1 (2/96).

Montoya, Rodrigo. "Changes in rural class structure under the Peruvian agrarian reform," Latin American Perspectives 19 (1978):112-26.

Nangle, Joseph. "German Schmitz: steadfast in ordinary ministry," in M. Luke (ed.) Pilgrims & Seekers (Erie PA, 1995), pp. 107-12. "Bishop of the poor" in Lima.

Neira, Hugo. "Violencia y anomía: reflexiones para intentar comprender," Socialismo y Participación (Lima) 37 (1987):1-13.

North, Liisa. "The Peruvian Aprista Party & Haya de la Torre: myths & realities," Journal of Inter-American Studies & World Affairs 17,2 (5/75):245-53.

Nugent, David. "Structuring the consciousness of resistance: state power, regional conflict & political culture in contemporary Peru," in Schneider & Rapp (eds.) Articulating Hidden Histories: Exploring the Influence of Eric R. Wolf (Berkeley, 1995).

Painter, Michael. "The political economy of food production in Peru," Studies in Comparative International Development 18,4 (1983):34-52.

Palmer, David Scott. "The changing political economy of Peru under military & civilian rule," Inter-American Economic Affairs 37,4 (1984):37-62.

Palomino, Abdon. "Andahuaylas, 1974: un movimiento de reivindicación campesina dentro del proceso de reforma agraria," Allpanchis (Cusco) 11/12 (1978):187-211.

Pasara, Luis. "Peru: the leftist angels," in Mainwaring & Wilde (eds.) The Progressive Church in Latin America (Notre Dame, 1989), pp. 276-327.

Quicaña, Fernando. "The Gospel & the Andean culture," in G. Cook (ed.) New Face of the Church in Latin America (Maryknoll, 1994), pp. 99-111.

Quijano, Aníbal. "Recent developments in Peru [interview]" Monthly Review 24,11 4/73):53-61.

Radcliffe, Sarah A. "'People have to rise up, like the great women fighters': the state and peasant women in Peru," in Radcliffe & Westwood (eds.) "Viva": Women & Popular Protest in Latin America (London, 1993), pp. 197-218.

Reedy, Danel R. "Aspects of the feminist movement in Peruvian letters & politics," Annals of the Southeastern Conference on Latin American Studies (SECOLAS) 6 (1975):53-64.

Rojas, Antonio. "Land & labor in the articulation of the peasant economy with the hacienda," Latin American Perspectives 7,4 (1980):67-82.

Romero, Catalina. "The Peruvian Church: change & continuity," in Mainwaring & Wilde (eds.) The Progressive Church in Latin America (Notre Dame, 1989), pp. 253-75.

Rozman, Stephen L. "Peru: oil & the army," Nation (10/28/68).

Salcedo, José María. "The price of peace: a report from the emergency zone," NACLA Report 20.,3 (6/86):37-42.

Scurrah, Martin J. "Military reformism in Peru: opening the Pandora's Box," Latin American Research Review 21,1 (1986):244-57.

Sethi, Patricia J. et al. "Alan García Pérez: an interview," Latin American Studies Association Forum (win 1986):5-16.

Sharpe, Kenneth E. "The drug war: going after supply -- a commentary," Journal of Interamerican Studies & World Affairs 30 (sum-fall 88):77-86.

Skar, Sarah Lund. "Catholic missionaries & Andean women: mismatching views on gender & creation," from F. Bowie et al. (eds.) Women & Missions (NY, 1993), pp. 229-50.

Smith, Margo L. "Domestic service as a channel of upward mobility for the lower-class woman: the Lima case," in A. Pescatello (ed.) Female & Male in Latin America (Pittsburgh, 1973), pp. 191-208.

Stein, Steve. "Soccer & social change in 20th-c. Peru," Studies in Latin American Popular Culture 3 (1984) & 5 (1986).

Stein, William W. "Ideology in rural struggle: contradictions of popular movements in highland Peru," in L. Kliever (ed.) The Terrible Meek (NY, 1987), pp. 93-137.

Stephens, Evelyn H. "The Peruvian military government, labor mobilization & the political struggle of the Left," Latin American Research Review 18,2 (1983):57-93.

Stern, Steve J. "The struggle for solidarity: class, culture & community in highland Indian America," Radical History Review 27 (1983):21-45.

Stokes, Susan C. "Politics & Latin America's urban poor: reflections from a Lima shantytown," Latin American Research Review 26,2 (1991):75-102.

Taylor, Lewis. "Agrarian unrest & political conflict in Puno, 1985-87," Bulletin of Latin American Research 6,2 (1987):135-62.

Thurner, Mark. "Peasant politics & Andean haciendas in the transition to capitalism: an ethnographic history," Latin American Research Review 28,3 (1993):41-82.

Villanueva, Victor. "The petty-bourgeois ideology of the Peruvian Aprista party." Latin American Perspectives 14 (sum 1977):57-76.

Young, Grace Esther. "The myth of being 'like a daughter'" Latin American Perspectives 54 (sum 87):365-80. On domestic servants' lives in Lima.

Youngers, Coletta. "Peru under scrutiny: human rights & US drug policy," WOLA Brief 5 (1/13/92).

__________. "The Pinochet ricochet," Nation (5/8/00):5-5. On notorious Peruvian torturer Tomás Ricardo Anderson Kohatsu.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books:

Alberts, Tom. Agrarian Reform & Rural Poverty. A Case Study of Peru (Boulder, 1983).

Alegría, Claribel & Darwin Flakoll. Tunnel to Canto Grande (NY, 1996). MRTA rebels' daring prison breaką.

Andreas, Carol. When Women Rebel. The Rise of Popular Feminism in Peru (Westport CT, 1985).

Asturias, Pedro. La izquierda y la reforma agraria (Lima, 1986).

Babb, Florence E. Between Field & Cooking Pot. The Political Economy of Marketwomen in Peru (Austin, 1989).

Becker, David G. The New Bourgeoisie & the Limits of Dependency: Mining, Class & Power in "Revolutionary" Peru (Princeton, 1983).

Berenson, Rhoda. Lori: My Daughter Wrongfully Imprisoned in Peru (Boston: Northeastern U, 2001).

Bode, Barbara. No Bells to Toll. Destruction & Creation in the Andes (NY, 1990).

Bonilla, Heraclio. El minero de los Andes: una aproximación a su estudio (Lima, 1974).

__________ & Paul W. Drake (eds.) El APRA de la ideología a la praxis (Lima, 1989).

Booth, D. & B. Sorj (eds.) Military Reformism & Social Classes: The Peruvian Experience (NY, 1983).

Bourque, Susan C. & Kay Barbara Warren. Women of the Andes: Matriarchy & Social Change in Two Peruvian Towns (Ann Arbor, 1981).

Bunster, Ximena B. & Elsa M. Chaney. Sellers & Servants. Working Women in Lima, Peru (Westport CT, 1989).

Caballero, José María. From Belaunde to Belaunde: Peru 's Military Experiment in Third Roadism (Cambridge, 1981).

Carvias, José Luis. Luchar por la tierra. Inspiraciones bíblicas para las comunidades campesinas (Lima, 1983).

Centro de Estudios y Publicaciones (CEP). El credo de los pobres (Lima, 1980). Liberation theology.

__________. Acompañando a la comunidad (Lima, 1982). Liberation theology.

Chaplin, David (ed.) Peruvian Nationalism: A Corporatist Revolution (New Brunswick NJ, 1975).

Cleaves, P. S. & M. J. Scurrah. Agriculture, Bureaucracy & Military Government in Peru (Ithaca, 1980).

Collier, David. Squatters & Oligarchs: Authoritarian Rule & Policy Change in Peru (Baltimore, 1976).

Contreras, Carlos. Mineros y campesinos en los Andes (Lima, 1988).

Dalle, Luis. Antropología y evangelización desde el runa (Lima, 1983). Theological anthropology.

Deere, Carmen Diana. Household & Class Relations. Peasants & Landlords in Northern Peru (Berkeley, 1990).

Degregori, Carlos Ivan. Sendero Luminoso: los hondos y mortales desencuentros & Sendero Luminoso: Lucha armada y utopía autoritaria ( Lima, 1985).

DeWind, Josh. Peasants Become Miners: The Evolution of Industrial Mining Systems in Peru, 1902-1974 (NY, 1986).

Dietz, Henry A. & Richard J. Moore. Political Participation in a Non-Electoral Setting: The Urban Poor in Lima, Peru (Athens OH, 1979).

_________. Poverty & Problem-Solving under Military Rule. The Urban Poor in Lima, Peru (Austin, 1980).

Drake, Paul W. y Heraclio Bonilla. El APRA como partido y como gobierno (Lima, 1989).

Drury, John (ed.) Between Honesty & Hope. Issued by the Peruvian Bishops' Commission for Social Action (Maryknoll, 1969).

Figueroa, Blanca & Jeanine Anderson. Women in Peru (London, 1981).

Fitzgerald, E.V.K. The Political Economy of Peru, 1956-1978: Economic Development & the Restructuring of Capital (London, 1979.

Fleet, Michael & Brian Smith. The Catholic Church & Democracy in Chile & Peru (Notre Dame, 1997).

Flores Galindo, Alberto (ed.) Comunidades campesinas: cambios y permanencias (Chiclayo, 1988).

__________ Buscando un inca: identidad y utopia en los Andes (Lima, 1985).

Gardiner, C. Harvey. The Japanese & Peru, 1873-1973 (Albuquerque, 1976).

Goltz, Jürgen y Norma Adams. Los caballos de troya de los invasores: estrategias campesinas en la conquista de la Gran Lima (Lima, 1987).

Goodsell, Charles T. American Corporations & Peruvian Politics (Cambridge, 1974).

Gorman, Stephen M. Post-Revolutionary Peru. The Politics of Transformation (Boulder, 1982).

Guibovich Pérez, Pedro. En defensa de Dios (Lima, 1998).

Guillermoprieto, Alma. The Heart that Bleeds: Latin America Now (NY, 1994). See for New Yorker pieces on Lima in 1990 & 1993.

Gutiérrez, Ana. Se necesita muchacha (México, 1983). Stories of Lima domestic workers.

Handelman, Howard. Struggle in the Andes. Peasant Political Mobilization in Peru (Austin, 1974).

Hilliker, Grant G. The Politics of Reform in Peru. The Aprista & Other Mass Parties of Latin America (Baltimore, 1971).

Horton, Douglas E. Haciendas & Cooperatives: A Study of Estate Organization, Land Reform & New Reform Enterprises (Ithaca, 1976).

Kapsoli, Wilfredo. Los movimientos campesinos en el Peru (Lima, 1987).

Klarén, Peter F. Peru. Society & Nationhood in the Andes (NY, 1999).

Klaiber, Jeffrey SJ Religion & Revolution in Peru, 1824-1976 (Notre Dame, 1976).

__________. Violencia y crisis de valores en el Peru: trabajo interdisciplinario (Lima, 1987).

Korovkin, Tanya. Politics of Agricultural Cooperativism. Peru, 1969-1983 (Vancouver, 1990).

Kruijt, Dirk. Revolution by Decree: Peru, 1968-1972 (Amsterdam, 1994).

Latin American Bureau. Peru. Paths to Poverty (London, 1985).

Lenten, Roelie. Cooking Under the Volcano: Communal Kitchens in the Southern Peruvian City of Arequipa (Amsterdam, 1993).

Letts, Ricardo. La izquierda peruana: organizaciones y tendencias (Lima, 1981).

Lewellen, Ted. Peasants in Transition: The Changing Economy of the Peruvian Aymara (Boulder, 1978). Impact of Protestant missions & their literacy campaign on shores of Lake Titicaca.

Lloyd, Peter. The "Young Towns" of Lima: Aspects of Urbanization in Peru (Cambridge, 1980).

Lobo, Susan. A House of My Own. Social Organization in the Squatter Settlements of Lima, Peru (Tucson, 1982). Poor women in Lima.

Long, Norman & Bryan Roberts. Miners, Peasants & Entrepreneurs: Regional Development in the Central Highlands of Peru (NY, 1984).

Lowenthal, Abraham (ed.) The Peruvian Experiment: Continuity & Change under Military Rule (Princeton, 1975).

MacDonald, Scott B. Mountain High, White Avalanche: Cocaine & Power in the Andean States & Panama (NY, 1989).

MacGregor, Felipe E. SJ (ed.) Violence in the Andean Region (Assen, 1994).

Matos Mar, José y Jorge A. Carbajal H. Erasmo: yanacon del valle de Chancay (Lima, 1974).

__________. Yanaconaje y reforma agraria en el Peru (Lima, 1976).

__________. Desborde popular y crisis del estado: el nuevo rostro del Peru en la década de 1980 (Lima, 1981).

McClintock, Cynthia. Peasant Cooperatives & Political Change in Peru (Princeton, 1981).

__________ & A. Lowenthal (eds.) The Peruvian Experiment Reconsidered (Princeton, 1983).

Meyerson, Julia. 'Tambo. Life in an Andean Village (Austin, 1990).

Middlebrook, Kevin J. & David Scott Palmer. Military Government & Political Development: Lessons from Peru (London, 1975).

Millones, Luis. Tugurio. La cultura de los marginados (Lima, 1978).

Mitchell, William P. Peasants on the Edge: Crop, Cult & Crisis in the Andes (Austin, 1991).

Montoya, Rodrigo. Al borde del naufragio: democracia, violencia y problema étnico en el Peru (Lima, 1992).

Neira Samanez, Hugo. Huillca: habla un campesino peruano (La Habana, 1974).

Oliver-Smith, Anthony. The Martyred City. Death & Rebirth in the Andes (Albuquerque, 1986).

Orlove, Benjamin S. Alpacas, Sheep & Men. The Wool Export Economy & Regional Society in Southern Peru (NY, 1977).

Ortiz de Zavallos, Felipe. The Peruvian Puzzle (NY, 1989).

Paige, Jeffery. Agrarian Revolution (NY, 1975).

Palmer, David Scott. Peru: The Authoritarian Tradition (NY, 1980).

Parodi, Jorge. To Be a Worker: Identity & Politics in Peru (Ser obrero es algo relativo: obreros, clasismo y política) [1986] (trans. James Alstrum & Catherine Conaghan; Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina, 2000).

Pastoral Team of Bambamarca. Vamos Caminando. A Peruvian Catechism [1977] (Maryknoll NY: Orbis, 1985).

Peloso, Vincent C. Peasants on Plantations: Subaltern Strategies of Labor & Resistance in the Pisco Valley, Peru (Durham NC: Duke, 1998).

Peña, Milagros. Theologies & Liberation in Peru: The Role of Ideas in Social Movements (Philadelphia: Temple, 1995).

Philip, George D.E. The Rise & Fall of the Peruvian Military Radicals, 1968-1972 (London, 1978).

Poole, Deborah (ed.) Unruly Order: Violence, Power & Cultural Identity in the High Provinces of Southern Peru (Boulder, 1994).

__________. Vision, Race, & Modernity: A Visual Economy of the Andean Image World (Princeton, 1997).

Portocarrero, Gonzalo (coord.) Los nuevos limeños: sueños, fervores, y caminos en el mundo popular (Lima, 1993).

Rasnake, Roger Neal. Domination & Cultural Resistance: Authority & Power among an Andean People (Durham, 1998).

Reid, Michael. Peru: Paths to Poverty (NY: Monthly Review, 1985).

Renique, José Luis. Los sueños de la sierra: Cusco en el siglo XX (Lima, 1991).

Rodíguez, Alfredo et al. De invasores a invadidos (Lima, 1976).

Ruiz Zevallos, Augusto. Psiquiatras y locos: entre la modernización contra los Andes y el nuevo proyecto de modernidad (Lima, 1994).

Rutte García, Alberto. Simplemente explotadas. El mundo de las empleadas domésticas en Lima (Lima, 1976).

Saba, Raul P. Political Development & Democracy in Peru: Continuity in Change & Crisis (Boulder, 1987).

Schmidt, Gregory D. Donors & Decentralization in Developing Countries. Lessons from the AID Experience in Peru (Boulder, 1988).

Sharp, Daniel A. U.S. Foreign Policy & Peru (Austin, 1972).

Shoemaker, Robin. The Peasants of El Dorado: Conflict & Contradiction in a Peruvian Frontier Settlement (Ithaca, 1981).

Smith, Gavin. Livelihood & Resistance: Peasants & the Politics of Land in Peru (Berkeley, 1989).

Starn, Orin. Nightwatch. The Politics of Protest in the Andes (Albuquerque, 1999). "Rondas campesinas", a movement for communal protection against thieves & rustlers, & its deline in 1990s

__________, Carlos Ivan Degregori & Robin Kirk (eds.) The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics (Durham NC, 1995).

Stern, Steve J. (ed.) Shining & Other Paths: War & Society in Peru, 1980-1995 (Durham NC, 1998).

Stevens, Evelyn H. The Politics of Workers' Participation: The Peruvian Approach in Comparative Perspective (San Diego, 1980).

Stokes, Susan. Cultures in Conflict. Social Movements & the State in Peru (Berkeley, 199?).

Teivainen, Teivo. Enter Economism, Exit Politics: Experts, Economic Policy & the Damage to Democracy (NY: Palgrave, 2002). Peru under García & Fujimori.

Tullis, F. Lamond. Lord & Peasant in Peru. A Paradigm of Political & Social Change (Cambridge MA, 1973).

Vargas Llosa, Alvaro. En el reino del espanto (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 2000). State-sponsored terrorism, disappearance of persons.

Villanueva Urteaga, Horacio y Jeannette Sherbondy. Cuzco: Aguas y Poder (Cuzco, 1984).

Weeks, John. Limits to Capitalist Development: The Industrialization of Peru, 1950-1980 (Boulder, 1985).

Yglesias, José. Down There (NY, 1970). Eyewitness account of the Velasco "revolution" & its confrontations with the APRA.

Zimmerer, Karl S. Changing Fortunes. Biodiversity & Peasant Livelihood in the Peruvian Andes (Berkeley, 1996).

Zolezzi, Mario y Julio Calderón. Vivienda popular: autoconstrucción y lucha por el agua (Lima, 1985).

In the Library: Fiction

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio:

Film & Video:

"The Bait [La carnada)" [1999], dir. Marianne Eyde, 103m. From Latin American Video Archives. Domestic life in a coastal fishing community.

"Choropampa: The Price of Gold" [2002], dir. Ernesto Cabellos & Stephanie Boyd, 75m. From First Run/Icarus. Mercury spill by world's biggest gold mining corporation turns Andean village into hotbed of civil resistance.

"Courage (Coraje)" [1998], dir. Alberto Durant, 110m. From Latin American Video Archives.

"Cubanos en el Peru" [1982], dir.?, 29m. From Cinema Guild. Follows the Cubans who took over the Peruvian Embassy in Havana in 1980 in order to emigrate and who ended up living in tents in a Lima park.

"The Fujimori Empire" [199?], by TV3 Televisio de Catalunya, 34m. From Filmakers' Library. Examines rapid loss of support for regime after reelection in 1995.

"Growing Up in the South" [1990], dir. Luc Coté & Robbie Hart, 23m. From Cinema Guild. A week in the lives of some street kids of Cuzco.

"Growing Up on the Streets: 12 Years Later" [2000], dir. Luc Coté & Robbie Hart, 52m. From Cinema Guild. Filmmakers revisit same Cuzco children as young adults.

"Ojos que no ven' [2003], dir. Francisco J. Lombardi, 147m. Portrait in six vignettes of corruptions of 1990s that led to fall of Pres. Alberto Fujimori.

"Our God the Condor" [19??], dir. Paul Yule, 30m. From Filmakers' Library. Yawar festival of southern Andes, pitting Andean condor against Spanish bull.

"Tale of Death (Reportaje a la muerte)" [1993], dir. Danny Gavidia, 95m. From Latin American Video Archives.

"Peru: Road to Recovery" [1998], dir. ?, 29m. From Films for the Humanities & Sciences.

"Villa El Salvador: A Desert Dream" [1989], dir. Robbie Hart & Luc Coté, 50m. From Cinema Guild. Story of an unusually well-organized squatter settlement.

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