South Africa: Apartheid Regime
(see also South Africa, Desmond Mpilo Tutu, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique & Angola)
CIA World Factbook. Includes map.
A Verdict in South Africa, William Finnegan, New Yorker (4/22/02). Government organizer of chemical warfare/terrorism during apartheid era acquitted
The Poison Keeper, William Finnegan, New Yorker (1/15/01). Government organizer of chemical warfare/terrorism during apartheid era on trial.
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Bouvard, Marguerite Guzmán. "Navanethem Pillay (interviews)," in her Women Reshaping Human Rights (Wilmington DE: Scholarly Resources, 1996), pp.135-56 & 255-64. Anti-apartheid & women's rights activist.
Brittain, Victoria. "Cuba & South Africa," New Left Review 172 (11-12/88):117-23.
Charney, Craig. "Thinking of revolution: the new South African intelligentsia," Monthly Review 38,7 (12/86):10-19.
Campbell, Horace. "The dismantling of the Apartheid war machine," Third World Quarterly (4/87).
__________. "The military defeat of the South Africans in Angola," Monthly Review 40,11 (4/89):1-15.
Dale, Richard. "Pretorias banana warriors: the South African Defense Force and regional power projection," Journal of Third World Studies 5,2 (fall 1988):74-108.
Falk, Richard. “South Africa’s war on children,” Nation (11/7/87):516.
Fleshman, Michael. "In defense of apartheid: South Africa & its neighbors," Socialist Review 85 (jan-feb 1986):88-115.
Glass, Humphrey. "The struggle for South Africa," Monthly Review 28,7 (12/76):7-24.
Goodman, David. "Reconciliation or chaos?" Mother Jones
Gordon, Robert. "Anthropology & apartheid: the rise of military ethnology in South Africa," Cultural Survival Quarterly 11,4 (1987):58-60.
Grundy, Kenneth W. "Race politics in South Africa: change & revolt," Journal of Third World Studies 3,2 (fall 1986):45-57.
Harding, Jeremy. "Notes from abroad: in Soweto," Granta 34 (1990).
Haynes, Jeff. "Popular religion & politics in sub-Saharan Africa," Third World Quarterly 16,1 (1995).
Klug, Heinz & Gay Seidman. "South Africa: Amandla Ngawethu!"
Socialist Review 84 (nov-dec 1985):9-34.
Kopkind, Andrew. "Facing South Africa," Nation 11/22/86):542-62.
Krikler, Jeremy. "Agrarian class struggle & the South African War," Social History 14 (may 1989):151-76.
Linfield, Susie. "Why, the beloved country," Nation (12/13/99):26-35.
Review essay on post-apartheid writings by anti-apartheid white South Africans.
Livingston, J. Kevin. "The legacy of David J. Bosch," International Bulletin of Missionary Research 23,1 (jan 1999):26-32. Afrikaaner Dutch Reformed preacher-activist against apartheid.
Lodge, Tom. "State of exile: the African National Congress of South Africa, 1976-1986," Third World Quarterly 9,1 (1/87).
Lovell, C.R. "Afrikaaner nationalism & apartheid," American Historical Review 61 (1955-56):308-30.
Monthly Review 37,11 (4/86), special issue on South Africa in Struggle. Arts. by John Saul, David Lewis, Dan O'Meara, Jim Cason, Mike Fleshman, Pierre Bigras, Stephanie Urdang, Jon Lewis, Avril Joffe & Gail Hovey.
Munger, Edwin S. "Race & national identification: Republic of South Africa," in Kalman Silvert (ed.) Expectant Peoples: Nationalism & Development (NY: Vintage, 1967), pp. 300-344.
Pillay, Navanathem. "The role of a conscientious lawyer in the South African legal system," African Law Review (10/90):24-27.
Radical History Review 46/47 (win 1990). Special issue on South Africa.
Ransom, David; Cosmas Desmond, Ferial Haffajee, Baby Tyawa, Neville Alexander, Sindiwe Magona, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, Mpho Mathebula, Bafana Khumalo, Troth Wells, Alan Morris & Joe Slovo. "New dawn, cold light of day," New Internationalist (3/95):
Redding, Sean. "Government witchcraft: taxation, the supernatural, & the Mpondo revolt in the Transkei, South Africa, 1955-1963," African Affairs 95, no. 381 (10/96).
Skotnes, Andor. "Peoples history & the South African struggle," Radical Historians Newsletter 73 (nov 1995).
Talbot, Stephen. "The ANC is taking charge," Nation (5/3/86):608-10.
Van den Berghe, Pierre L. "Language & nationalism in South Africa," Race 9,1 (1968):37-46.
Wallerstein, Immanual. "Some reflections on South Africa inspired by Magubane," Monthly Review (3/81):47-52.
Williams, Rocky. "Before we forget: writing the history of Umkhonto We Sizwe, 1961-2000," Journal of Peace, Conflict & Military Studies (Harare) 1,1 (3/00).
Zunes, Stephen. "The role of non-violent action in the downfall of apartheid," Journal of Modern African Studies 37,1 (3/99):137-69.
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Asmal, Kader; Louise Asmal & Ronald Suresh Roberts. Reconciliation Through Truth: A Reckoning of Apartheid's Criminal Governance  (2nd ed.; NY: St. Martin's, 1997).
Bazin, Nancy Topping & Marilyn Dallman Seymour (eds.) Conversations with Nadine Gordimer (Oxford MS: U. Mississippi, 199?).
Benson, Mary. The African Patriots (London, 1963). Story of the African National Congress.
Bernstein, Hilda. World That Was Ours: The Story of the Rivonia Trial (London: South African Writers, 1989).
Bernstein, Rusty. Memory Against Forgetting: Memoirs from a Life in South African Politics, 1938-1964 (Sandton: Viking, 1999).
Biko, Steve. I Write What I Like: Selected Writings  (Chicago:
U. Chicago, 2001). Texts from the Black Consciousness Movement, 1969-1972,
with a biographical essay.
Blacking, John. Black Background. The Childhood of a South African Girl (NY, 1964)
Boette, Dugmore. Familiarity is the Kingdom of the Lost (NY, 1969). A poor Black mans memoir.
Bonner, Philip & Lauren Segal. Soweto: A History (Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman, 1998).
Bozzoli, Belinda. The Political Nature of a Ruling Class: Capital & Ideology in South Africa (London, 1981).
Brewer, John D. After Soweto: An Unfinished Journey (NY: Clarendon, 1986).
Brooks, Alan & Jeremy Brickhill. Whirlwind Before the Storm: The Origins & Development of the Uprising in Soweto & the Rest of South Africa from June to December 1976 (London: International Defence & Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1980).
Bunting, Brian. The Rise of the South African Reich (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1964).
Callinicos, Alex & John Rogers. Southern Africa After Soweto (London: Pluto, 1978).
Carr, W.J.P. Soweto: Its Creation, Life & Decline (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1990).
Cawthra, Gavin. Brutal Force: The Apartheid War Machine (London: International Defence & Aid Fund, 1986).
Christie, Kenneth. The South African Truth Commission (NY: St. Martin's,
Clingman, Stephen. Bram Fischer. Afrikaner Revolutionary (Amherst MA, 1998).
Cochrane, James; John W. DeGruchy & Steven Martin (eds.) Facing the Truth: South African Faith Communities & the Truth & Reconciliation Commission (Athens OH: Ohio U, 1999).
Coetzee, J.M. Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life (NY: Viking, 1997).
Coleman, Max (ed.) A Crime Against Humanity: Analysing the Repression of the Apartheid State (Cape Town: David Philip, 1998).
Danaher, Kevin. In Whose Interest? A Guide to US-South African Relations (Washington: Institute for Policy Studies, 1984).
__________. The Political Economy of US Policy Toward South Africa (Boulder: Westview, 1985).
__________. South Africa: A New US Policy for the 1990s (San Francisco:
Institute for Food & Development Policy, 1988).
Davenport, T.R.H. South Africa, A Modern History (3rd. ed. Toronto, 1987).
Davies, Robert. Capital, State, & White Labor in South Africa, 1900-1960 (NY?, 1979).
Devilliers, Elizabeth. Walking the Tightrope: Recollections of a Schoolteacher in Soweto (Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball, 1990).
Dyzenhaus, David. Judging the Judges, Judging Ourselves: Truth, Reconciliation
& the Apartheid Legal Order (Oxford: Hart, 1998).
Feit, Edward. South Africa. The Dynamics of the African National Congress (London, 1962).
Finnegan, William. Dateline Soweto: Travels with Black South African Reporters (Berkeley: U. California, 1995).
First, Ruth. 117 Days (?).
Frankel, Glenn. Rivonia's Children: Three Families & the Cost of Conscience in White South Africa (NY: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 1999).
Frederikse, Julie. South Africa: A Different Kind of War. From Soweto to Pretoria (Boston: Beacon, 1987).
Fugard, Athol. Notebooks 1960-1977 (Johannesburg: Ad. Donker, 1983).
__________. Cousins: A Memoir (Johannesburg: U. of Witwatersrand, 1984).
Gerhart, Gail M. Black Power in South Africa: The Evolution of an Ideology (Berkeley, 198?).
Giliomee, H. & A. du Toit. Afrikaaner Political Thought (Berkeley, 1983).
Glaser, Clive. Bo-Tsotsi: The Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976 (Oxford, James Currey, 2000).
Gordimer, Nadine. Living in Hope & History: Notes from Our Century (NY: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 199?).
__________. Writing & Being (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 199?).
__________. The Essential Gesture: Writing, Politics & Places
Greenberg, Stanley B. Legitimating the Illegitimate. State, Markets & Resistance in South Africa (Berkeley, 1987).
Grinker, David. Inside Soweto (Johannesburg: Eastern Enterprises, 1986).
Hanlon, Joseph. Beggar Your Neighbors (Bloomington: Indiana U, 1988). South African policy towards independent Angola & Mozambique.
Harrison, David. The White Tribe of Africa: South Africa in Perspective (Berkeley: U. California, 1982).
Heard, Anthony H. The Cape of Storms: A Personal History of the Crisis in South Africa (Fayetteville: U. Arkansas, 1990).
Hirson, Baruch. Year of Fire, Year of Ash: The Soweto Revolt, Roots of a Revolution? (London: Zed, 1979).
Holland, Heidi. Born in Soweto: Inside the Heart of South Africa (London: Penguin, 1994).
Hopkins, Pat & Helen Grange. The Rocky Rioter Teargas Show: The Inside Story of the 1976 Soweto Uprising (Cape Town: Zebra, 2001).
Jeffery, Anthea. The Truth about the Truth Commission (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1999).
Johnson, Jill. Soweto Speaks (Johannesburg: A.D. Donker, 1977).
Kane-Berman, John Stuart. South Africa: The Method in the Madness (London: Pluto, 1979).
Karis, Th. & Gwendolyn M. Carter. From Protest to Challenge: Documents of African Politics in South Africa, 1882-1964 (The Hague, 1971).
Keegan, Tim. Facing the Storm. Portraits of Black Lives in Rural South Africa (Johannesburg, 1988).
Kistner, Wolfram. The Legacy of the Past in the New South Africa (Bellville: Ecumenical Foundation of Southern Africa, 1994).
Krog, Antjie. Country of My Skull: Guilt, Sorrow & the Limits of Foregiveness in the New South Africa (NY: Times Books, 1999).
Kuzwayo, Ellen. Call Me Woman (San Francisco: Spinsters Ink, 1985).
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights. The War Against Children: South Africas Youngest Victims (NY, 1986), and "Update" pub. later that year.
Leatt, James, Theo Kneigel & Klaus Nurnberger (eds.) Contending Ideologies in South Africa (Grand Rapids, 1987).
Lelyveld, Joseph. Move Your Shadow: South Africa, Black & White
(NY: Random House, 1985).
Luthuli, Albert. Let My People Go (London, 1962).
Magubane, Bernard Makhosezwe. The Political Economy of Race & Class in South Africa (NY: Monthly Review, 1979).
__________. South Africa: From Soweto to Uitenhage. The Political Economy of the South African Revolution (Trenton NJ: Africa World, 1989).
Malan, Rian. My Traitor's Hart: A South African Exile Returns to Face His Country, His Tribe, & His Conscience (NY: Vintage, 1999).
Mandela, Nelson. The Struggle is My Life (NY: Pathfinder, 1986). Speeches, writings & fellow-prisoners' accounts.
Mandela, Winnie. Part of My Soul Went With Him (NY: Norton, 1985).
Mandela, Winston. No Easy Walk to Freedom (London, 1965).
Mandy, Nigel. A City Divided: Johannesburg & Soweto (Johannesburg: Macmillan, 1984).
Manganyi, N.C. Alienation & the Body in Racist Society: A Study of the Society that Invented Soweto (NY: NOK, 1977).
Marks, Shula. The Ambiguities of Dependence in South Africa: Class, Nationalism & the State in 20th-Century Natal (Baltimore, 198?).
Marx, Anthony W. Making Race & Nation: A Comparison of the U.S., South Africa, & Brazil (NY, 1998).
Mashinini, Emma. Strikes Have Followed Me All My Life: A South African Autobiography (NY: Routledge, 1991).
Mayekiso, Mzwanele. Township Politics: Civic Struggles for a New South Africa (NY: Monthly Review, 198?).
Maylam, Paul. A History of the African People of South Africa: From the Early Iron age to the 1970s (NY, 1986).
Mbeki, Govan. South Africa: The Peasants Revolt (Harmondsworth, 1964).
Meredith, Martin. Coming to Terms: South Africa's Search for Truth (NY: Public Affairs, 1999).
Mokgatle of Phokeng, H. Autobiography (London, 1970).
Mufson, Steven. Fighting Years: Black Resistance & the Struggle for a New South Africa (Boston: Beacon, 1991).
Mungazi, Dickson A. The Last Defenders of the Laager: Ian D. Smith & F.W. de Klerk (Westport CT: Praeger, 1998).
Munger, Edwin W. African & Afrikaner Nationalism: South African Parallels & Parameters (Oxford, 1967).
Murphy, Dervla. South from the Limpopo: Travels Through South Africa (London: Murray, 1997).
Mzamane, Mbulelo. The Children of Soweto (London: Longman, 1987).
Ndlovu, Sifiso Mxolisi. The Soweto Uprising: Counter-Memories of June 1976 (Randburg: Ravan, 1998).
North, James. Freedom Rising (NY, 199?).
Nuttall, Sarah & Carli Coetzee (eds.) Negotiating the Past: The Making of Memory in South Africa Cape Town: Oxford, 1998).
Omond, Roger. The Apartheid Handbook (Harmondsworth, 1985).
Pogrund, Benjamin. Sobukwe & Apartheid (New Brunswick NJ: 1991). Story of the leader of the Pan-Africanist Congress.
Radical History Review 46/47 (win 1990). Special issue on South Africa.
Roux, Edward. Time Longer than Rope. A History of the Black Mans Struggle for Freedom in South Africa (2nd ed. Madison, 196?).
Sachs, Albie. The Jail Diary of Albie Sachs (NY: McGraw-Hill, 1967)
Saul, John S. & Stephen Gelb. The Crisis in South Africa. Special issue of Monthly Review 33,3 (7-8/81).
Seidman, Gay W. Manufacturing Militance: Workers' Movements in Brazil & South Africa, 1970-1985 (Berkeley: U. California, 1994).
Seidman, Judy. Face-Lift Apartheid: South Africa After Soweto (London: International Defence & Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1980).
Slovo, Gillian. Every Secret Thing: My Family, My Country (?, 199?).
Slovo, Joe. Slovo: The Unfinished Autobiography (NY: Ocean, 199?).
Southall, Roger. South Africa's Transkei: The Political Economy of an "Independent" Bantustan (NY: Monthly Review, 197?).
Switzer, Les (ed.) South Africas Alternative Press. Voices of Protest & Resistance, 1880-1960 (Cambridge, 1996).
Thompson, Leonard. The Political Mythology of Apartheid (New Haven, 1985).
Tutu, Desmond Mpilo. No Future Without Forgiveness (NY: Doubleday, 1999).
Van Onselen, Charles. The Seed is Mine: The Life of Kas Maine, a South African Sharecropper, 1894-1985 (NY: Hill & Wang, 1996).
Van Rensburg, Patrick. Guilty Land: The History of Apartheid (NY: Praeger, 1962).
Villavicencio, Charles. Trapped in Apartheid: A Socio-Theological History of the English-Speaking Churches in South Africa (Maryknoll NY: Orbis, 1988).
__________ & Wilhelm Verwoerd (eds.) Looking Back, Reaching Forward: Reflections on the Truth & Reconciliation Commission of South Africa (NY: Zed, 2000).
Walker, Cherryl. Women & Resistance in South Africa (NY: Monthly Review, 198?).
Wallis, Jim & Joyce Hollyday (eds.) Crucible of Fire: The Church Confronts Apartheid (Maryknoll NY, 1989).
Walshe, Peter. The Rise of African Nationalism in South Africa: The ANC, 1912-1952 (Berkeley, 1971).
Wilson, Richard. The Politics of Truth & Reconciliation in South Africa: Legitimizing the Post-Apartheid State (NY: Cambridge, 2001).
Wink, Walter. Violence & Nonviolence in South Africa: Jesus' Third Way (Philadelphia: New Society, 1987).
Woods, Donald. Biko (NY: Paddington, 1978).
In the Library: Fiction
Brasfield, Lynette. Nature Lessons: A Novel (NY: St. Martin's, 2003).
Coetzee, J.M. Dusklands  (NY: Penguin, 1983).
__________. In the Heart of the Country  (NY: Penguin, 1982).
__________. Waiting for the Barbarians (NY: Penguin, 1980).
__________. Life & Times of Michael K (NY: Viking, 1983).
__________. Foe (NY: Penguin, 1986).
__________. Age of Iron (NY: Random House, 1990).
__________. A Land Apart (NY: Penguin, 1992).
__________. The Master of Petersburg (NY: Penguin, 1994).
__________. The Lives of Animals (NY: Penguin, 1999).
__________. Disgrace (NY: Penguin, 1999).
__________. Youth: Scenes from Provincial Life II (NY: Penguin, 2002).
Coovadia, Imraan. The Wedding (NY: Picador, 2001).
Dangor, Achmat. The Z Town Trilogy (Johannesburg: Ravan, 1990).
__________. Waiting for Leila (Randburg: Ravan, 1995).
__________. Kafka's Curse (NY: Pantheon, 1997).
Fugard, Athol. Tsotsi: A Novel (NY: Random House, 1980).
Gordimer, Nadine. The Conservationist (NY: Viking, 1975).
__________. July's People (NY: Penguin, 1982).
__________. A Sport of Nature (NY: Penguin, 1988).
__________. Burger's Daughter (NY: Viking, 199?).
__________. The House Gun (NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1998).
Sepamla, Sipho. A Ride on the Whirlwind: A Novel of Soweto  (London: Heinemann, 1984).
Slovo, Gillian. Every Secret Thing: My Family, My Country (Boston: Little, Brown, 199?).
Tsali, Miriam. Footprints in the Quag: Stories & Dialogs from Soweto (Cape Town: David Philip, 1989).
In the Library: For Young Readers
Mtshali, Mbuyiseni Oswald. Give Us a Break: Diaries of a Group of Soweto Children. A Collection of Anecdotes, Episodes, Incidents, Events & Experiences of a Group of School Children from Pace College, Soweto (Johannesburg: Skotaville, 1988).
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Drama
Edgar, David. Plays: One. The Jail Diary of Albie Sachs (NY: Methuen, 1987).
Fugard, Athol. People are Living There: A Play in Two Acts (NY: Oxford, 1970).
__________. Three Port Elizabeth Plays: The Blood Knot, Hello & Goodbye, Boesman & Lena (NY: Viking, 1974).
__________. A Lesson from Aloes: A Play (NY: S. French, 1981).
__________. "Master Harold" & the Boys: A Drama (NY: S. French, 1982).
__________. Statements (NY: Theater Communications Group, 1986). Three very influential plays: Sizwe Bansi is Dead, Island, & Statements after an Arrest under the Immorality Act.
__________. The Township Plays (Oxford: Oxford, 1993).
__________. Sorrows & Rejoicings (Johannesburg: Witwatersrand U., 2002).
Manaka, Matsemela. Beyond the Echoes of Soweto: Five Plays (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic, 1997).
Ndlovu, Duma (ed.) Woza Afrika! An Anthology of South African Plays (NY: George Braziller, 1986).
Taylor, Jane. Ubu & the Truth Commission (Cape Town: U. Cape Town, 1998).
In the Library: Photography
Magubane, Peter. Soweto (Cape Town: D. Nelson, 1978).
__________. Soweto: The Fruit of Fear (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986).
The Mountain. Abdullah Ibrahim & Ekaya. Kaz Records CD7/LP 7 1989. South African jazz classic of 80s.
South African Freedom Songs: Inspiration for Liberation (2 discs; Cape Town, Making Music Productions, 2001).
"Amandla! A Revolution in Four-Part Harmony" , dir. Lee Hirsch, ?m. Magnificent documentary on the history & overcoming of the apartheid system.
"Boesman & Lena" , dir. John Berry, 84m. In video stores. Adaptation of brilliant Fugard play about homeless rural-urban migrants on Cape, starring Danny Glover & Angela Bassett.
"Bopha!" , dir. Morgan Freeman, 120m. In video stores.
"Cry Freedom" , dir. Richard Attenborough, 147m. In video stores.
"A Dry White Season" , dir. Euzan Palcy, 105m.
"The Legacy of Nuremberg" , dir. Steve Smith, 50m. From Films for the Humanities & Sciences.
"Long Night's Journey Into Day" , by Iris Films/Iris Feminist Collective, 95m. From California Newsreel.
"The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela" , by PBS Frontline, ?m.
"Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation" , dir. Jo Menell & Angus Gibson, 118m. In video stores. Excellent introduction to his life, work & contributions to the struggle against apartheid, based largely on interviews with Mandela & his principal collaborators.
"'Master Harold' & the Boys" , dir. Michael Lindsay-Hogg, 90m. From Karl-Lorimar Home Video.
"The Power of One" , dir. John G. Avildsen, 127m. In video stores.
"Six Days in Soweto" , dir. Anthony Thomas, 55m. From Robben Island Museum.
"South Africa: Between Confession & Prosecution" , by Common Ground Productions/Media Peace Centre/Ubuntu Film & Television, 26m.
"Soweto to Berkeley" , dir. Richard C. Bock, ?m. From Cinema Guild. Interviews with leaders of successful anti-apartheid Divestment Movement at UC Berkeley.
"Tsotsi" , dir. Gavin Hood, 94m. In video stores. Based on Athol Fugard novel.
"White Girl in Search of a Party: The Story of Pauline Podbrey & H.A. Naidoo" , dir. Pat van Heerden, 25m. From First Run Icarus.
"A World Apart" , dir. Chris Menges, 114m. In video stores.