Trinidad & Tobago
(see also British West Indies)
CIA World Factbook. Includes map.
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Campbell, Susan. "Carnival, calypso & class struggle in 19th-c. Trinidad," History Workshop 26 (aut 88):1-27.
Carby, Hazel V. "Proletarian or revolutionary literature: C.L.R. James & the politics of the Trinidadian Renaissance," South Atlantic Quarterly 87 (win 88):39-52.
Ehrlich, Allen S. "History, ecology & demography in the British Caribbean: an analysis of East Indian ethnicity," Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 27,2 (sum 71):166-80.
Elder, J.D. "Color, music & conflict: a study of aggression in Trinidad with reference to the role of traditional music," Ethnomusicology 8 (1964).
Elkins, W.F. "Black Power in the British West Indies: the Trinidad longshoremen's strike of 1919," Science & Society 33,1 (win 69):71-76.
Fonareff, L.S. "Man & malaria in Trinidad," Annals of the Association of American Geographers 58 (1968):526-56.
Jacobs, W. Richard. "The politics of protest in Trinidad: the strikes & disturbances of 1937," Caribbean Studies 17,1-2 (4-7/77).
Millette, James. "The Black revolution in the Caribbean," in Coombs (ed.) Is Massa Day Dead? (NY, 1974), pp. 47-68. Focus on Trinidad.
Mulchansingh, Vernon C. "Oil industry in the economy of Trinidad," Caribbean Studies 2,1 (4/71):73-101.
Nicholls, David G. "East Indians & Black power in Trinidad," Race 12 (1970-71):443-59.
Pantin, Raoul. "The man from Castara, Tobago: a Moses leading his people to the promised land?" Caribbean Affairs 1,1 (1988):161-71. Arthur N.R. Robinson.
Sudama, Trevor. "Class, race & the state in Trinidad & Tobago," Latin American Perspectives 39 (fall 83):75-96.
Vertovec, Steven. "Youth Hindu movement in Trinidad," Ethnic & Racial Studies 13,2 (1990):225-49.
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Baumann, Martin. Diaspora: Hindus & Trinidad (?, 2002).
Brereton, Bridget. A History of Modern Trinidad, 1783-1962 (London, 1981).
Campbell, Carl C. The Young Colonials: A Social History of Education in Trinidad & Tobago, 1834-1939 (Kingston, 1996).
Cowley, John. Carnival, Canboulay & Calypso: Traditions in the Making (NY: Cambridge, 1996).
Cross, Malcolm. The East Indians of Guyana & Trinidad (London, 1972).
Hill, Donald R. Calypso Calaloo: Early Carnival Music in Trinidad (Gainesville: U. of Florida, 1993).
Hill, Errol. The Trinidad Carnival: Mandate for a National Theater (Austin: U. Texas, 1972).
Houk, James. Spirits, Blood & Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad (Philadelphia: Temple U, 1996).
Khan, Aisha. Callaloo Nation: Metaphors of Race & Religious Identity among South Asians in Trinidad (Durham NC: Duke, 2004).
Klass, Morton. East Indians in Trinidad: A Study of Cultural Persistance (NY: Columbia U, 1961).
La Guerre, John Gaffar (ed.) Calcutta to Caroni. The East Indians of Trinidad (London, 1974).
Laurence, K.O. A Question of Labor. Indentured Immigration into Trinidad & British Guiana, 1875-1917 (NY, 1994).
Ledgister, F.S.J. Class Alliances & the Liberal Authoritarian State: The Roots of Post-Colonial Democracy in Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, & Suriname (Trenton NJ: Africa World, 1998).
Liverpool, Hollis Urban Lester. Kaiso & Society (Diego Martin, Trinidad: Juba, 1990).
Luis, Robert. Authentic Calypso: The Song, the Music, the Dance (NY: Latin American, 1957).
Malik, Yogendra K. East Indians in Trinidad. A Study in Minority Politics (NY: Oxford, 1971).
Mason, Peter. Bacchanal! The Carnival Culture of Trinidad (Philadelphia: Temple, 1998).
Mighty Striker (Percy Obington). The True History of Calypso (D'Abadie, Trinidad, 2000).
Moodie-Kublasingh, Sylvia. The Cocoa Payols of Trinidad: An Oral Record (London, 1994).
Naupaul, V.S. The Loss of El Dorado, A History (London, 1969). General history of Trinidad.
Obika, Nyahuma. An Introduction to the Life & Times of T.U.B. Butler (Maracas, St. Joseph, 1983). Tubal Uriah "Buzz" Butler, influential Black Christian labor leader of 1920's & 30's.
Ottley, C.R. The Story of Tobago (NY, 1974).
Oxaal, Ivar. Black Intellectuals Come to Power (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1967). Independence in Trinidad & Tobago.
__________. Race & Revolutionary Consciousness: A Documentary Interpretation of the 1970 Black Revolt in Trinidad (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1971).
Regis, Louis. The Political Calypso: True Opposition in Trinidad & Tobago, 1962-1987 (Gainesville: U. of Florida, 1999).
Rodman, Hyman. Lower-Class Families. The Culture of Poverty in Negro Trinidad (NY: Oxford, 1971).
Rohlehr, Gordon. Calypso & Society in Pre-Independence Trinidad (Port of Spain, 1990).
Ryan, Selwyn D. Race & Nationalism in Trinidad & Tobago: A Study of Decolonialization in a Multi-Racial Society (Buffalo, 1972).
Sander, Reinhard W. The Trinidad Awakening: West Indian Literature of the 1930s (Westport CT, 1988).
Singh, Kelvin. Race & Class Struggles in a Colonial State: Trinidad, 1917-1945 (Calgary: U. Saskatchewan, 1994).
Vertovec, Steven. Hindu Trinidad (London, 1992).
Warner, Keith Q. Kaiso! Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso as Oral Literature (Washington: Three Continents, 1985).
Williams, Eric. History of the People of Trinidad & Tobago (?, 1962). Author was first Prime Minister, and an influential West Indian intellectual.
Yelvington, Kevin A. (ed.) Trinidad Ethnicity (Knoxville: U. Tennessee, 1993).
In the Library: Fiction
Bissoondath, Neil. Digging Up the Mountains (NY: Penguin, 1987).
Lovelace, Earl. The Schoolmaster (Chicago, 1968). Novel of village life & "progress."
Naipaul, Shiva. Fireflies (NY: Knopf, 1971). East Indian family life in Trinidad.
Naipaul, V.S. A House for Mr. Biswas  (NY: Vintage, 2001).
Scott, Lawrence. Night Calypso (London: Allison & Busby, 2004).
In the Library: For Young Readers
In the Library: Poetry
Agard, John. Man to Pan (La Habana, 1982). Long poem on the history of the steel drum.
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
"Calypso Dreams" , dir. Geoffrey Dunn & Michael Horne, 85m. Documentary centered on legendary Lord Kitchener & Mighty Sparrow.
"Chutney In Yuh Soca: A Multicultural Mix" [200?], dir?, 35m. From Filmakers' Library. Interaction of African & East Indian musical traditions.
"Pure Chutney" , 42m. From Cinema Guild. East Indian history & society in Trinidad.