(see also Haiti: Duvalier Regime, Haiti since 1986, Haitian American History, Life & Values & Dominican Republic)
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Aristide, Jean-Bertrand. "The parish of the poor," The Other Side (11-12/90):8-16.
Bastien, Rémy. "The role of the intellectural in Haitian plural society," in V. Rubin (ed.) Social & Cultural Pluralism in the Caribbean; Annals NY Academy of Sciences 83 (1960):843-49.
__________. "Haitian rural family organization," Social & Economic Studies 10,4 (12/61):478-510.
Bellegarde-Smith, Patrick. "Haitian social throught in the 19th c.: class formation & westernization," Caribbean Studies 18,3 (10/78).
Blassingame, John W. "The press & American intervention in Haiti & the DR, 1904-1920," Caribbean Studies 9 (1969):27-43.
Brown, Karen McCarthy. "Haiti policy exposes moral flip-flop," National Catholic Reporter (11/22/02):18.
Canham-Clyne, John. "Uncle Sam's blind eye," In These Times (2/22/93):6-8.
____________. "Haiti betrayed," Progressive (4/94):18-23.
____________. "Human rights a la USAID," Progressive (9/94):25-26.
____________. "Haiti to the Haitians?" Progressive (9/95):22-25.
____________ & Worth Cooley-Prost. "U.S. AID go home!" In These Times (1/8/96):23-25.
Casimir, Jean. "Aperçu sur la structure economique d'Haiti," América Latina 7,3 (1964):37-56.
__________. "Aperçu sur la structure sociale d'Haiti," America Latina 8,3 (1965):40-61.
Castor, Suzy. "La crisis del 29 y la instauración de un nuevo sistema de dominación-dependencia en Haiti," in P. González-Casanova (ed.) América Latina en los años 30 (México: UNAM, 1977), pp. 25-51.
__________. "El campesinado haitiano: su potencial revolucionario," in P. González Casanova (ed.) Historia política de los campesinos latinoamericanos (México, 19??), pp. 93-142.
__________. "Democracy & society in Haiti: structure of domination & resistance to change," Social Justice 19,4 (win 92):126-37.
Charles, Carole. "Haitian life in New York & the Haitian-American left," in P. Buhle & D. Georgakas (eds.) The Immigrant Left in the U.S. (Albany, 1996).
Comhaire, Jean. "The Haitian chef de section," American Anthropologist 57 (1955):620-23.
Comhaire-Sylvain, Suzanne. "Land tenure in the Marbial region of Haiti," in S. Tax (ed.) Acculturation in the Americas (Chicago: U. of Chicago, 1952), pp. 180-84.
__________ & Jean Comhaire. "Urban stratification in Haiti," Social & Economic Studies 8 (1959):179-89.
Cosentino, Donald. "Vodou Vatican: a prolegomena for understanding authority in a syncretic religion," Caribbean Quarterly 39,3-4 (1993):100-13.
Dartigue, Maurice. "Rural life & education in Haiti," Inter-American Quarterly (1941):30-38.
DeYoung, Maurice. "Class parameters in Haitian society," Journal of Inter-American Studies 1 (1959):449-58.
Douglas, Susan. "Handwringing over Haiti," Progressive (9/94):19.
Dupuy, Alex. "Class formation & underdevelopment in 19th-c. Haiti," Race & Class 24 (1982):17-32.
Erasmus, Charles. "Agricultural changes in Haiti: patterns of resistance & adaptatioon," Human Organization 2 (1952):20-26.
Ferguson, James. "Haiti: from dictatorship to dictatorship," Race & Class ? (10-12/88).
Fontaine, Pierre-Michel. "Language, society & development: dialectic of French & Creole use in Haiti," Latin American Perspectives 28 (win 81): 28-46.
Geniesse, Peter. "'Fr. Beans' educates in Haitian slum," National Catholic Reporter (1/25/95).
Gindine, Yvette. "Images of the American in Haitian literature during the occupation, 1915-1934," Caribbean Studies 14 (1974):37-52.
Hall, Robert B. "The societé Congo of the Ile à Gonaive," American Anthropologist 31 (1929):685-700. Farmers' mutual benefit society rooted in Vodoun.
Hector, Michel. "El movimiento obrero haitiano, 1932-1963," in P. González-Casanova (coord.) Historia del movimiento obrero latinoamericano, vol. I (México, l97?), pp. 184-252.
Houseal, Joseph. "Giving Vodou its due," In These Times (3 mar 1997).
Hurbon, Laennec. "Vodou: a faith for individual, family & community," Callaloo 15,3 (1992).
Ivy, J.W. "Wisdom of the Haitian peasant: some Haitian proverbs," Journal of Negro History (10/41):485-98.
Johnson, James Weldon. "Self-determining Haiti," Nation (1920). African-American journalist's commentary distributed by NAACP to dispel notion that first US occupation was motivated by humanitarianism. Focuses on enforcement of corvée labor & persecution of Caco resistence.
Lobb, John. "Caste & class in Haiti," American Journal of Sociology 46 (7/40).
Lobeck, E.M. "Haiti: a brief survey of its past & present agricultural problems," Journal of Geography 53 (1954). Useful for changes in population & land tenure during 19th c.
Logan, Rayford W. "Education in Haiti," Journal of Negro History 15 (1930):401-60.
__________. "The US colonial experiment in Haiti," World Today 17 (1961):435-46.
__________. "James Weldon Johnson in Haiti," Pylon (1971):396-402. Defense of Haiti during first US occupation, by distinguished African American journalist.
Martin, Tony. "Repression & resistance in West Indian history," Pan-African Journal 8,2 (sum 75). Focus on Haiti.
McAlmon, George. "So callous as a nation," Monthly Review 35,8 (1/84):30-35.
McLeod, Murdo J. "The Haitian novel of social protest," Journal of Inter-American Studies 4 (1962):207-21. Focus on Roumain & the Marcelins.
Métraux, Rhoda. "Some aspects of hierarchical structure in Haiti," Proceedings of the International Congress of Americanists 29,2 (1952):185-94.
Mintz, Sidney. "The case of Haiti," chap. 10 of his Caribbean Transformations (Chicago, 1974), pp. 267-301. Revised version of his introduction to 1966 ed. of Leyburn, Haitian People.
Moberg, David. "Backing the bad guys," In These Times (7/26/93):8-10.
Mora Pons, Frank. "Haiti & Santo Domingo, 1790-1870," in L. Bethell (ed.) Cambridge History of Latin America, vol. 3 (Cambridge, 19??), pp. 237-75. Vital for understanding long-standing enmity between the two countries.
Munro, Dana G. "The American withdrawal from Haiti, 1929-1934," Hispanic American Historical Review 49 (1968):1-26.
Nairn, Allan. "Behind Haiti's paramilitaries," Nation (10/24/94):458-462.
Nicholls, David G. "Politics & religion in Haiti," Canadian Journal of Political Science 2,3 (sep 1970):400-14.
__________. "Biology & politics in Haiti," Race 13 (1971-72):203-14.
__________. "Ideology & political protest in Haiti, 1930-46," Journal of Contemporary History 9,4 (10/74):3-26.
__________. "Haiti: c. 1870-1930," in L. Bethell (ed.) Cambridge History of Latin America, vol. 5.
Parenton, Vernon & Roland Wingfield. "Class structure & class conflict in Haitian society," Social Forces (3/65):338-47.
Pierre-Charles, Gérard. "Génbesis de las sociedades antillanas: la dominación externa como molde histórico," Caribbean Monthly Bulletin 3,4-5 (4-5/74).
__________. "Haití: la crisis ininterrumpida (1930-1975)," in P. González-Casanova (ed.) América Latina: Historia de medio siglo (México, 1977), pp. 174-222.
__________. "Jacques roumain y la realidad haitiana," El Caribe Contemporáneo 6 (6/82).
Salgado, J.M. "Haiti," in Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 6 (Washington, 1967), pp. 899-901.
Simpson, George E. "Haitian peasant economy," Journal of Negro History (10/40):498-519.
__________. "Haiti's social structure," American Sociological Review 6 (1941):640-49.
__________ & J.P. Cineas. "Folk tales of Haitian heroes," Journal of American Folklore 54 (1941):176-85.
__________. "Haitian politics," Social Forces 20 (1942):487-91.
__________. "Sexual & familial institutions in northern Haiti," American Anthropologist 44 (1942):655-.
Swift, Richard. "NI Interview: Camille Chalmers," New Internationalists (11/96):31.
Regan, Jane. "Haiti on the brink," Progressive (9/94):20-24.
Spector, Robert M. "W. Cameron Forbes in Haiti: additional light on the genesis of the 'Good Neighbor Policy'," Caribbean Studies 6,2 (1966).
Steif, William. "Revenge of the Tonton Macoute," Progressive (5/93):29-32.
Weatherly, Ulysses B. "Haiti: an experiment in pragmatism," American Journal of Sociology 32,3 (11/26):353-66. Good source for US attitudes toward Haiti during first occupation.
Wirpsa, Leslie. "Religious groups say Haiti still dangerous," National Catholic Reporter (1/25/95).
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Bastien, Rémy. La familia rural haitiana: Valle de Marbial (México: Libra, 1951). Valuable study of rural social history since Independence, land tenure & decreasing role of the laku.
Bellegarde-Smith, Patrick. Race, Class & Ideology: Haitian Ideologies for Underdevelopment, 1806-1934 (NY: American Institute for Marxist Studies, 1982).
__________. In the Shadow of the Powers: Dantès Bellegarde in Haitian Social Thought (Atlantic Highlands NJ: Humanities, 1985).
__________. Haiti. The Breached Citadel (Boulder, 1989). History since 1804.
Brodwin, Paul. Medicine & Morality in Haiti. The Context of Healing Power (Cambridge, 1996).
Brown, Karen McCarthy. Mama Lola. A Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn (Berkeley, 1992).
Cadet, Robert. Restavec. From Haitian Slave Child to Middle-Class American. An Autobiography (Austin, 1998).
Calixte, Col. Démosthènes Pétrus. Haiti: The Calvary of a Soldier (NY, 1939). Memoir of commander of US-established Garde d'Haiti, exiled by Pres. Vincent.
Casimir, Jean. La cultura oprimida (México: Nueva Imagen, 1980).
Castor, Suzy. La ocupación norteamericana de Haiti y sus consecuencias, 1915-1934 (México: Siglo XXI, 1971).
__________. Origines de la structure agraire en Haïti (Port-au-Prince: Centre de Recherche et de Formation Economique et Sociale pour le Développement, 1987).
__________. Migraciones y relaciones internacionales (el caso haitiano-dominicano) (Santo Domingo: Editora Universitaria, 1987).
Chancy, Myriam J.A. Framing Silence: Revolutionary Novels by Haitian Women (Piscataway NJ, 199?).
Christensen, Eleanor I. The Art of Haiti (South Brunswick NJ, 1974).
Courlander, Harold. Haiti Singing (Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina, 1939).
__________. The Hoe & the Drum: Life & Lore of the Haitian People (Berkeley: U. of California, 1960).
__________ & Rémy Bastien (eds.) Religion & Politics in Haiti (Washington, 1966).
Davis, H.P. Black Democracy: The Story of Haiti (NY, 1928). Popular history of events leading up to (& justifying) first US occupation.
Dayan, Joan. Haiti, History & the Gods (Berkeley: U. of California, 1995).
Desmangles, Leslie G. The Faces of the Gods: Vodou & Roman Catholicism in Haiti (Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina, 1992).
DeYoung, Maurice. Man & Land in the Haitian Economy (Gainesville: U. of Florida, 1958). Very useful historical & economic geography. Rural economy both horticultural & market-oriented.
Dupuy, Alex. Haiti in the World Economy: Clase, Race & Underdevelopment since 1700 (Boulder: Westview, 1988).
Fass, Simon M. Political Economy in Haiti. The Drama of Survival (New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers, 1990).
Fleischmann, Ulrich. Ideologie und Wirklichkeit in der Literatur Haitis (Berlin, 1969).
García-Zamor, Jean-Claude. La administración pública en Haiti (Guatemala, 1966). Pioneering study of the subject before & during Duvalier regime.
Greene, Anne. The Catholic Church in Haiti: Political & Social Change (East Lansing: Michigan State U., 1993).
Heinl, Robert D. Jr. & Nancy Gordon Heinl (eds.) Written in Blood: The Story of the Haitian People, 1492-1971 (Boston, 1978).
Herskovits, Melville J. Life in a Haitian Valley (NY, 1937). Excellent "acculturation" study of Mirebalais in 1934.
Holly, Marc A. Agriculture in Haiti: With Special Reference to Rural Economy & Agricultural Education (NY, 1955).
Laguerre, Michel S. Voodoo & Politics in Haiti (NY, 1989).
__________. The Military & Society in Haiti (Knoxville: U. Tennessee, 1993).
Levilain, Guy Viet. Cultural Identity, Negritude & Decolonization: The Haitian Situation in the Light of the Socialist Humanism of Jacques Roumain & René Depestre (NY, 1978).
Leyburn, James G. The Haitian People (New Haven: Yale, 1941). Magnificent, still-useful survey of social history in 19th & early 20th C.
Logan, Rayford. The Diplomatic Relations of the US with Haiti, 1776-1891 (Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina, 1941). Shocking story, vital for understanding US-Haitian relations in 20th c.
__________. Haiti & the Dominican Republic (NY: Oxford, 1968). Useful comparison.
Martínez, Samuel. Peripheral Migrants: Haitians & Dominican Sugar Plantations (Knoxville: U. of Tennessee, 1995).
Métraux, Alfred. Making a Living in the Marbial Valley (Haiti) (Pars: UNESCO, 1951).
__________. Voodoo in Haiti (NY: Oxford, 1960).
Millspaugh, Arthur C. Haiti under American Control, 1915-1930 (Boston, 1931). Detailed but uncritical administrative history of the occupation.
Mintz, Sidney. Working Papers in Haitian Society & Culture (New Haven: Yale, 1975).
Moore, O. Ernest. Haiti. Its Shackled Society & Stagnant Economy, a Survey (NY, 1972).
Murphy, Joseph. Working the Spirit. Ceremonies of the African Diaspora (Boston, 1994).
Nicholls, David. From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour & National Independence in Haiti (NY: Cambridge, 1979).
__________. Haiti in Caribbean Context: Ethnicity, Economy & Revolt (NY, 1985).
Pattee, Richard. Haiti: pueblo afro-antillano (Madrid, 1956).
Petit-Homme, Fracilus SMM. L'église dans le combat du peuple haitien pur la survie (Port-au-Prince, 1986).
Petit-Monsieur, Lamartine. La coexistence des types religieux différents dans l'Haïtien contemporain (Immensee, 1992).
Plummer, Brenda G. Haiti & the Great Powers, 1902-1915 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U., 1988).
Price-Mars, Jean. Ainsi parla l'oncle (So Spoke the Uncle) (Port-au-Prince, 1928; English trans. Magdaline Shannon; Washington, 1983). Pioneer work of Haitian ethnology, & of elite interest in folklore & peasant problems.
Renda, Mary A. Taking Haiti: Military Occupation & Culture of U.S. Imperialism (Chapel Hill: U. North Carolina, 2002).
Robert, Paul. Catholicisme et Vaudou (Cuernavaca: CIDOC, 1971).
Rodman, Selden. Renaissance in Haiti: Popular Painters in the Black Republic (NY, 1948).
__________. Haiti: The Black Republic. Complete Story & Guide  (rev. ed. NY, 1961). Remarkably detailed & culturally sensitive tourist guidebook to the pre-Duvalier era.
__________. The Miracle of Haitian Art (NY, 1974).
Schmidt, Hans. The US Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934 (New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers, 1971).
Shannon, Magdaline W. Jean Price-Mars, the Haitian elite & the American Occupation, 1915-1935 (NY, 1997).
Steger, Hanns-Albert. El trasfondo revolucionario del sincretismo criollo (Cuernavaca: CIDOC, 1972). Compares Afro-American religious ideologies in Cuba, Brazil, US & Haiti.
Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African & African American Art & Philosophy (NY, 1983).
Trouillot, Michel-Rolph. Haiti: State against Nation: The Origins & Legacy of Duvalierism (NY: Monthly Review, 1990).
Wood, Harold A. Northern Haiti: Land Use & Settlement (Toronto, 1963).
Wucker, Michele. Why the Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians & the Struggle for Hispaniola (NY, 1998).
In the Library: Fiction
Alexis, Jacques Stephen. General Sun, My Brother (Compère General Soleil)  (trans. Carroll F. Coates; Charlottesville: U. Virginia, 1999). Trujillo's massacre of Haitian canecutters in the Dominican Republic in 1937.
__________. In the Flicker of An Eyelid (L'espace d'un cillement)  (trans. Carroll F. Coates & Edwidge Danticat; Charlottesville : U. Virginia, 2002). Prostitute's story of first US occupation.
Clitandre, Pierre. Cathedral of the August Heat (NY, 1987).
Danticat, Edwige. Breath, Eyes, Memory (NY: Soho, 1994).
__________. Krik? Krak! (NY: Soho, 1995).
__________. The Farming of Bones: A Novel (NY: Soho, 1998). Haitians in Dominican Republic in the era of Trujillo's massacre.
Desquiron, Lilas. Reflections of Loko Miwa (Charlottesville: U. Virginia, 1998).
Dohrman, Richard. The Cross of Baron Samedi (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958).
LaFerrière, Dany. Dining with the Dictator (Toronto: Coach House, 1994).
Lespès. Anthony. Les semences de la colère: roman (Port-au-Prince: Fardin, 1983). Repatriation of survivors of Trujillo's massacre of Haitian cane-cutters in 1937, with good picture of agrarian situation before Duvalier, by chairman (in 1940s) of communist Parti Socialiste Populaire.
Roumain, Jacques. Masters of the Dew (Gouverneurs de la rosée)  (NY:Reynal & Hitchcock, 1947). Rural society & government in the 1930's.
Taft, E. A Puritan in Voodoo Land (NY, 1938).
Thoby-Marcelin, Phillippe & Pierre Marcelin. All Men Are Mad (NY, 1970).
__________. The Pencil of God (NY, 1951).
__________. Canapé Vert (NY, 1944).
__________. The Beast of the Haitian Hills (NY, 1946).
Vinogradov, Anatoli. The Black Consul (trans. Emile Burns; NY, 1935).
In the Library: For Young Readers
Wolkstein, Diane. (NY, 1978).
In the Library: Poetry
Depestre, René. A Rainbow for the Christian West (LA, 1972).
Roumain, Jacques. Ebony Wood/Bois d'ebene. Poems (trans. Sidney Shapiro; NY: Interworld, 1972).
__________. When the Tom-Tom Beats: Selected Prose & Poems (trans. Joanne Fungaroli & Ronald Sauer; Washington: Azul, 1995).
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
Boukman Esperyans. Kalfou Danjere  (Mango 162-539 927-2 CD).
__________. Révolution  (Virgin CD 8455762).
"The Disappearance of TiSoeur: Haiti after Duvalier" , dir.?, 52m. From Cinema Guild. Chronicles events in Haiti for the collapse of the Duvalier regime through the September 1991 military coup and subsequient events.
"Haiti: Harvest of Hope" [200?], dir. Kevin Pina, 57m.
"Haiti: Killing the Dream" , dir. Katharine Kean & Rudi Stern,
"Lafanmi Selavi" , dir.?, 60m. From Cinema Guild. Childrens recount on how they were abandoned, their struggle to live on the streets na dtheir new lives at a children's center established by former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
"This Other Haiti" , dir. David Korb, 58m. From Cinema Guild.
Portrays Haitian peasants' struggles for social reform.
"Voodoo & the Church in Haiti," dir. Bob Richards. 60 min. Nine Morning Productions. 199?.
"Voyage of Dreams" , dir.?, 30m. From Cinema Guild. Tells the story of the Haitian boat people and the political and economic reasons for their exile.