Brazil: Lula, the Workers' Party & the MST
(see also Brazil, Brazil: Military Regime, Brazil: Northeast, Brazil: Amazon Region, Brazil: Church & Society, Brazil since 1985)
Forget About Lula?. Sue Branford & Alfredo Saad-Filho, Red Pepper (1/05).
Brazilian Fiscal Conservatives in Lula's Government under Attack Along with IMF. Roger Burbach, Center for Research on Globalization (4/23/04).
Affirmative Action Debate Forces Brazil to Take a Look in the Mirror. Jon Jeter, Washington Post (6/16/03).
Land Reform from Below: the Landless Workers Movement in Brazil. Mark S. Langevin & Peter Rosset (n.d.)
The First 75 Days of Lula: Progress & Prospects. Woodrow Wilson Center (4/03).
Landslide Lula Victory! Judy Rebick, Rabble News (10/28/02).
Peace, Love & Power. Saskia van Reenen, Radio Netherlands (10/28/02).
Southern Cross: The U.S. Takes Aim At Brazil, Chris Lloyd, Counterpunch (6/21/02). Bush & Wall Street use 'economic terrorism' to influence Brazil's presidential election.
Affirmative Action Debate Grips Brazil. Patrice M. Jones, Detroit Free Press (1/2/02).
Brazil: The Rural Landless Workers Movement. James Petras, Rebelión (3/00).
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Brasil de Fato. Left-wing newspaper.
Brazil Network. Alternative news & analysis.
Brazil Strategy Network. US solidarity group.
Brazil Today. Foreign Ministry publication.
Campanha Jubileu Sul. Anti-debt campaign.
Grito dos Excluidos. Campaigns against Latin American Free Trade Agreement, militarization & foreign debt payment.
Land Research Action Network. Land reform struggles world-wide.
Luis Inácio da Silva (Wikipedia).
Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST). Landless Workers' Movement, English-language site.
Rede Social de Justiça e Direitos Humanos (Justice & Human Rights Network). Includes annual English-language report on status of human rights in Brazil.
Sights & Voices of Dispossession: Fight for Land & Emerging Culture of MST (U. of Nottingham).
Terra: Brazil's Landless Movement. Sebastião Salgado.
Almeida, Lúcio de & Feliz Ruiz Sánchez. "The Landless Workers' Movement & social struggles against neoliberalism," Latin American Perspectives 27 (9/00):11-32.
Alves, Márcio Moreira. "New political parties (document)," Latin American Perspectives 6,4 (1979):108-20.
Alves, Maria Helena Moreira. "Grassroots organizations, trade unions & the Church: a challenge to the controlled 'abertura' in Brazil," Latin American Perspectives 11,1 (1984):73-102.
__________. "The PT & the New Republic," Bulletin of Latin American Research 4,2 (1985):95-98.
__________. "Interclass alliances in the opposition to the military in Brazil: consequences for the transition period," in S. Eckstein (ed.) Power & Popular Protest (Berkeley: U. of California, 1989), pp. 278-98.
__________. "Building democratic socialism: the Partido dos Trabalhadores in Brazil," Monthly Review 42,4 (9/90):1-16.
Anon. "Interview with Luis Inácio da Silva ("Lula"), president of the Sindicato dos Metalúrgicos de São Bernardo do Campo," Latin American Perspectives 6,4 (1979):90-100.
Branford, Sue. "New chance, new challenge for Brazil's Landless Movement," NACLA Report 36,5 (3-4/03):32-36.
Cooper, Marc & Tim Frasca. "Lula's moment: Brazil's revolution of the possible," Nation (3/10/03):11-15.
Epstein, Jack & others. "Brazil's landless rebels. The radical movement Sem Terra uses the tools of capitalism to confront the Cardoso government," Time (1/19/88):13-17.
Gacek, Stanley. "Worker president raises workers' hopes in Brazil," NACLA Report 36,5 (3-4/03):26-31.
Golphin, Vicent F.A. "Brazil's land fight pits church against state," National Catholic Reporter (7/4/86):17.
Iokoi, Zilda Marcia Gricoli. "As lutas camponesas no Rio Grande do Sul e a formação do MST," Revista Brasileira de História 22 (1991):49-70.
Landless Movement. "The reality of the Brazilian countryside," in R.M. Levine & J.J. Crocitti (eds.) The Brazilian Reader (Durham NC: Duke, 1999), pp. 264-67.
Langevin, Mark S., & Peter Rosset. "Land reform from below: the Landless Worker's Movement in Brazil," Food First Backgrounder V.4, No.3 (Fall, 1997).
Mainwaring, Scott. "Political parties & democratization in Brazil," Latin American Research Review 30,3 (1995):177-87.
Maxwell, Kenneth. "Brazil:Lula's prospects," NY Review (1/25/02):27-30.
Nylen, William. "Reconstructing the Workers' Party (PT): Lessons from North-Eastern Brazil," in D.A. Chalmers & others (eds.) The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation & Representation (NY: Oxford, 1997).
Petras, James. "The politicl & social basis of regional variation in land occupations in Brazil," Journal of Peasant Studies 25,4 (7/98):124-33.
Rohter, Larry. "Poor press Brazil's leader on his promise of land," NY Review (7/27/03):6.
Sader, Emir. "The Workers' Party in Brazil," New Left Review 126 (9-10/87):93-102.
Vidal, John. "The long march home," Guardian Weekend Magazine (4/26/97):14-20.
Wainwright, Hilary. Making a people's budget in Porto Alegre," NACLA Report 36,5 (3-4/03):37-42.
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Alves, Maria Helena. State & Opposition in Military Brazil (Austin: U. of Texas, 1984).
Branford, Sue & Bernardo Kucinski. Brazil: Carnival of the Oppressed. Lula & the Brazilian Workers' Party (London: Latin America Bureau, 1995).
Danaher, Kevin & Michael Shellenberger (eds.) Fighting for the Soul of Brazil (NY: Monthly Review, 1995).
Global Exchange. Human Rights in Brazil 2000 (San Francisco, 2001).
Keck, Margaret E. The Workers' Party & Democratization in Brazil (New Haven: Yale, 1992).
Lopes, Carlos Thomaz G. Brazil at a Crossroads: An Evaluation of the Economic, Political & Social Situation (NY: Peter Lang, 2002).
Maybury-Lewis, Bjorn. The Politics of the Possible: The Brazilian Rural Workers' Trade Union Movement, 1964-1985 (Philadelphia: Temple, 1994).
Nylen, William R. Participatory Democracy vs. Elitist Democracy: Lessons from Brazil (NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).
Seidman, Gay W. Manufacturing Militance: Workers' Movements in Brazil & South Africa, 1970-1985 (Berkeley: U. of California, 1994).
Tortajada, Ana y Natza Farré. Por fin, Brasil: un viaje al país de Lula (Barcelona: Random House Mondadori, 2003).
Veltmeier, Henry; James Petras & Steve Vieux. Neoliberalism & Class Conflict in Latin America: A Comparative Perspective on the Political Economy of Structural Adjustment (NY: St. Martin's, 1997), chap. 9.
Welch, Cliff. The Seed Was Planted: The São Paulo Roots of Brazil's Rural Labor Movement, 1924-1964 (University Park: Pennsylvania State U., 1999).
Wright, Angus. To Inherit the Earth: The Landless Movement & the Struggle for a New Brazil (San Francisco: Food First, 2003).
In the Library: Fiction
In the Library: For Young Readers
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
"Clips of Lula's First Presidential Campaign" , dir. Luz Fernando Santoro, 5m. From Latin American Video Archive.
"Grass War!: Peasant Struggle in Brazil" , dir. C. Welch & T. Perrine, 34m. From Cinema Guild. Correia Neto & early history of MST, beginning in 1959.
"Land for Rose" , dir.Tete Moraes, 83m. From Cinema Guild. Popular movement for land reform leads to establishment of an encampment of 1500 people on an unused private farm.
"The Shoeshine President (O presidente engraxante)" , dir. Gibby Zobel, Jessie Sklair & Dylan Howitt, 14m. From Latin American Video Archives.
“Strong Roots (Raíz Forte)” , dir. Maria Luisa Mendonça, 41m. From Cinema Guild & Global Exchange. Documentary on Landless Worker’s Movement (MST), which seeks to settle landless peasants on unused land.
"Trip to the Heart of Brazil" , dir. Odair Redondo, 23m. From Latin American Video Archive. Lula's "Caravan of Citizenship" to 600 towns in interior during unsuccessful 1994 presidential campaign.
"Twenty Years Later" , dir. Eduardo Coutinho, 119m. From Cinema Guild. Revisits assassination in early 60s of peasant leader João Pedro Teixeira, subject of docu-drama under production when confiscated by military dictatorship in 1964. Recovered footage combined with interviews two decades later with Teixeira's widow & children.
"Without Fear of Being Happy" , dir. Maria Luisa Mendonça, 33m. From Latin American Video Archive. Documentary on Lula & Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores).